| United States|| Fighter-Interceptor|
| 1942–1944; 1947-1949; 1953-1960|
United States Air Force
The 14th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 53d Fighter Group at Sioux City Municipal Airport, Iowa, where it was inactivated on 1 April 1960.
The squadron was first activated in 1941 as the 14th Fighter Squadron. It served in the air defense of the Panama Canal from 1942 until 1943, when it returned to the United States and was a training unit until it was disbanded in a general reorganization of Army Air Forces training units in the spring of 1944. From 1947 through 1949 the 14th served as an Air Reserve unit.
14th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Wikipedia
Activated in early 1941 as part of the Southeast Air District, was equipped with a series of pursuit aircraft, stationed at Tallahassee Airport with a mission of air defense of Florida. After the Pearl Harbor Attack, The squadron was one of several hastily deployed to the Panama Canal Zone for the defense of the canal with the United States entry into World War II.
Deployed on 2 January 1942, stationed at Chame Airfield, Panama operating Bell P-39D Airacobras. By 16 February, the Squadron had 12 P-39D's (of which nine were airworthy) and not fewer than 26 pilots, but of these, only four had more than 12 months experience. Following its initial encampment at Chame #1, the Squadron moved to the nearby Chame #2 on 1 April 1942. The unit was redesignated as the 14th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942 in keeping with the USAAF scheme at the time.
Following the perceived end of the emergency need for the unit, it returned to the United States in early 1943 where it became a P-47 Thunderbolt, later P-51 Mustang replacement training unit (RTU) for III Fighter Command. Inactivated on 1 May 1944 as part of a reorganization of training units.
Reactivated by Continental Air Command (ConAC) in 1947 as a reserve Troop Carrier Squadron at Pittsburgh Airport Pennsylvania. Undetermined if manned or equipped, inactivated due to budget reductions in 1949.
Reactivated in 1953 as part of Air Defense Command as an air defense squadron, equipped with F-86D Sabre Interceptors and initially being assigned to Sioux City Municipal Airport, Iowa with a mission for the air defense the Great Plains. In 1957 began re-equipping with the North American F-86L Sabre, an improved version of the F-86D which incorporated the Semi Automatic Ground Environment, or SAGE computer-controlled direction system for intercepts. The service of the F-86L destined to be quite brief, since by the time the last F-86L conversion was delivered, the type was already being phased out in favor of supersonic interceptors.
Inactivated in 1960 as part of the phaseout of the F-86D from active ADC service.Constituted as the 14th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
Activated on 15 January 1941
Redesignated 14th Fighter Squadron
(Single Engine) on 15 May 1942
Disbanded on 1 May 1944
Reconstituted on 3 June 1947
Activated in the reserve on 13 July 1947
Inactivated on 27 June 1949
Redesignated 14th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 23 March 1953
Activated on 18 November 1953
Discontinued on 1 April 1960
53d Pursuit Group (later 53d Fighter Group), 15 January 1941 – 1 May 1944
Eleventh Air Force, 13 July 1947
375th Troop Carrier Group, 30 September 1947 – 27 June 1949
521st Air Defense Group, 18 November 1953
53d Fighter Group, 18 August 1955 – 1 April 1960
MacDill Field, Florida, 15 January 1941
Dale Mabry Field, Florida, 8 May – 18 December 1941
Chame Airfield, Panama, 2 January-l0 November 1942
Dale Mabry Field Florida, 26 November 1942
Drew Field, Florida, 6 January 1943
Page Field, Florida, 5 February 1943
Venice Army Air Field, Florida, 10 July 1943 – 1 May 1944
Greater Pittsburgh Airport, Pennsylvania, 13 July 1947 – 27 June 1949
Sioux City Municipal Airport, Iowa, 18 November 1953 – 1 April 1960
Seversky P-35, 1941
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, 1941
Bell P-39 Airacobra, 1941–1943
North American P-51 Mustang, 1943
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, 1943–1944
North American F-86D Sabre, 1953–1957
North American F-86L Sabre, 1957-1960