Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

13th United States Congress

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Covid-19
Senate Majority:  Democratic-Republican
House Majority:  Democratic-Republican
13th United States Congress
Senate President  Elbridge Gerry (DR) until November 23, 1814 Vacant from November 23, 1814
Senate Pres. pro tem:  William H. Crawford (DR) Joseph Bradley Varnum (DR) John Gaillard (DR)
House Speaker:  Henry Clay (DR) Langdon Cheves (DR)
Members:  36 Senators 182 Representatives 4 Non-voting members

The Thirteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1813, to March 4, 1815, during the fifth and sixth years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority. The first two sessions were held at the Capitol building while the third, convened after the Burning of Washington, took place in the First Patent Building.

Contents

Major events

  • September 10, 1813: War of 1812: Battle of Lake Erie
  • October 5, 1813: War of 1812: Battle of the Thames
  • March 27, 1814: Creek War: Battle of Horseshoe Bend
  • July 25, 1814: War of 1812: Battle of Lundy's Lane
  • August 25, 1814: War of 1812: Burning of Washington
  • September 11, 1814: War of 1812: Battle of Lake Champlain
  • September 13, 1814: War of 1812: Bombardment of Fort McHenry at Baltimore
  • November 7, 1814: War of 1812: Forces under Gen. Andrew Jackson seized Pensacola
  • November 23, 1814: Vice President Elbridge Gerry died
  • December 15, 1814: Hartford Convention convened through January 5, 1815, in which New England Federalists met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems arising from the federal government's increasing power. Despite radical outcries among Federalists for New England secession and a separate peace with Great Britain, moderates outnumbered them and extreme proposals were not a major focus of the debate.
  • December 24, 1814: War of 1812: Treaty of Ghent signed
  • January 8, 1815: War of 1812: Battle of New Orleans
  • Treaties ratified

  • February 17, 1815: War of 1812: Senate ratified the Treaty of Ghent, 8 Stat. 218
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

    House of Representatives

    Following the 1810 census, the size of the House was increased to 182 seats from 142.

    Senate

  • President: Elbridge Gerry (DR), until November 23, 1814; thereafter vacant.
  • President pro tempore: William H. Crawford (DR), March 4, 1813 – March 23, 1813
  • Joseph B. Varnum (DR), December 6, 1813 – February 3, 1814
  • John Gaillard (DR), from November 25, 1814
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Henry Clay (DR), to January 19, 1814
  • Langdon Cheves, (DR), from January 19, 1814
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Senate

    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1814; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1816; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1818.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

    Senate

  • replacements: 9
  • Democratic-Republicans: 2 seat net loss
  • Federalists: 2 seat net gain
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 10
  • interim appointments: 3
  • vacancies: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 15
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 13
  • Democratic-Republicans: 17-seat net gain
  • Federalists: 2-seat net loss
  • deaths: 6
  • resignations: 13
  • contested election: 1
  • vacancies: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 19
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Army Supply Contracts (Select)
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • National University
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Banks of the District of Columbia (Select)
  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • District of Columbia
  • Elections
  • Pensions and Revolutionary War Claims
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Expenditures
  • Public Lands
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Rules (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Benjamin Latrobe
  • Librarian of Congress: Patrick Magruder
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: John Brackenridge (Presbyterian)
  • Jesse Lee, Methodist, elected September 27, 1814
  • Secretary: Samuel A. Otis
  • Charles Cutts, elected October 11, 1814
  • Sergeant at Arms: Mountjoy Bayly
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Jesse Lee (Methodist), elected May 24, 1813
  • Obadiah B. Brown (Baptist), elected September 19, 1814
  • Clerk: Patrick Magruder, elected May 24, 1813, resigned January 28, 1815
  • Thomas Dougherty, elected January 30, 1815
  • Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton, elected May 24, 1813
  • Sergeant at Arms: Thomas Dunn, elected May 24, 1813
  • References

    13th United States Congress Wikipedia


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