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1390s in England

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1390s in England

Events from the 1390s in England.

Contents

Incumbents

Monarch - Richard II (to 30 September 1399), Henry IV

Events

  • 1390
  • Parliament passes a statute forbidding retainers to wear livery whilst off-duty.
  • Statute of Provisors prohibits clergy from accepting benefices from the Pope.
  • September - The Duke of Hereford (the future King Henry IV of England) supports the Teutonic Knights at the siege of Vilnius in the Lithuanian Civil War.
  • John Gower's poem Confessio Amantis is completed.
  • 1391
  • Parliament re-asserts royal prerogatives.
  • 1392
  • King Richard II retakes control of London.
  • Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester created Lieutenant of Ireland but forbidden to actually travel there.
  • Penistone Grammar School, which will in the late 20th century become one of the first community comprehensive schools in England, is founded near Barnsley.
  • 1393
  • Hundred Years' War: Peace negotiations between England and France at Calais.
  • Rebellion in northern England protesting at peace negotiations with France is quickly suppressed.
  • Statute of Praemunire makes it an offence to promote Papal Bulls or excommunications.
  • The hammerbeam roof of Westminster Hall is commissioned from royal carpenter Hugh Herland.
  • Approximate date - Julian of Norwich begins to write Revelations of Divine Love about her sixteen mystical visions.
  • 1394
  • 2 October - King Richard leads an expedition to Ireland to enforce his rule there.
  • 25 December - Richard defines the borders of English rule in Ireland; later to become known as the English Pale.
  • First scholars enter Winchester College.
  • 1395
  • 15 May - Richard leaves Ireland, having achieved his objectives.
  • Lollard manifesto The Twelve Conclusions of the Lollards attached to the doors of St Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey.
  • 1396
  • 9 March - Hundred Years' War: 28-year truce signed with France.
  • 31 October - Marriage of the widowed Richard II of England (29) and 6-year-old Isabella of Valois, the daughter of Charles VI of France.
  • 1397
  • 10 February - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset.
  • 6 June - Richard Whittington is nominated as Lord Mayor of London for the first time.
  • 25 September - Thomas Arundel succeeds William Courtenay as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 29 September - John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon is created Duke of Exeter by his half-brother Richard II.
  • 8 November - Roger Walden enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury after Thomas Arundel is banished from the realm by King Richard II.
  • Thomas Holland, 3rd Earl of Kent, John's brother is created Duke of Surrey by King Richard.
  • Richard II attempts to reassert authority over his kingdom by arresting members of a group of powerful barons known as the Lords Appellant.
  • September - Parliament condemns the Lords Appellant, impeaching Duke of Gloucester, Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, and Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick.
  • 1398
  • 27 January - Parliament meets at Shrewsbury and annuls the acts of the 1388 Parliament.
  • 16 September - King Richard stops a duel between his cousin, Henry of Bolingbroke, and Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk.
  • King Richard II exiles both Henry Bolingbroke and the Duke of Norfolk for ten years in order to end their feud.
  • Mount Grace Priory is established in Yorkshire.
  • 1399
  • 3 February - Death of John of Gaunt, uncle of King Richard II and father of Henry Bolingbroke.
  • 18 March - Richard II cancels the legal documents allowing the exiled Henry Bolingbroke to inherit his father's land.
  • 23 April - St George's Day in England is first officially celebrated as a holiday.
  • 1 June - Richard travels to Ireland to suppress a rebellion.
  • July - Henry Bolingbroke, with exiled former Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Arundel as an advisor, returns to England and begins a military campaign to reclaim his confiscated land.
  • August - Having returned from Ireland, Richard is taken prisoner by Henry's followers at Conway Castle.
  • 29 September - Abdication of Richard II, the first for an English monarch.
  • 30 September - Parliament accepts Henry Bolingbroke as the new king.
  • 13 October - Coronation of Henry IV of England.
  • 21 October - Thomas Arundel is restored as Archbishop of Canterbury, replacing Roger Walden.
  • Births

  • 1390
  • 3 October - Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (died 1447)
  • 27 December - Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the throne (died 1411)
  • John Dunstaple, composer (died 1453)
  • 1391
  • 6 November - Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, politician (died 1425)
  • Thomas West, 2nd Baron West (died 1415)
  • 1392
  • 3 February - Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (died 1455)
  • 3 August - John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (born at Calais; died 1432)
  • 1394
  • Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk (died 1415)
  • 1395
  • 18 March - John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, military leader (died 1447)
  • 7 September - Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr, politician (died 1427)
  • 1396
  • 16 October - William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk (died 1450)
  • John de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros (died 1421)
  • 1398
  • Approximate date
  • James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley (killed 1459)
  • William Waynflete, born William Patten, Lord Chancellor and bishop of Winchester (died 1486)
  • 1399
  • Approximate date - William Canynge, merchant (died 1474)
  • Deaths

  • 1390
  • 14 August - John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, soldier (born 1364)
  • 1392
  • John Arderne, surgeon (born 1307)
  • 1393
  • 22 February - John Devereux, 1st Baron Devereux (year of birth unknown)
  • 1394
  • 4 June - Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry IV (born c. 1369)
  • 7 June - Anne of Bohemia, queen of Richard II (plague) (born 1366)
  • John de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros (born 1365)
  • John Hawkwood, mercenary (born 1320)
  • 1396
  • 31 July - William Courtenay, Archbishop of Canterbury (born c. 1342)
  • 29 November - Robert Ferrers, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem (born 1373)
  • John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont, Constable of Dover Castle (born 1361)
  • 1397
  • 25 April - Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (born c. 1350)
  • 3 June - William de Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, military leader (born 1328)
  • 15 September - Adam Easton, Catholic Cardinal (year of birth unknown)
  • 21 September - Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, military leader (executed) (born 1346)
  • 1398
  • 24 March - Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk (born c. 1320)
  • 20 July - Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, heir to the throne of England (born 1374)
  • 1399
  • 3 February - John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (born 1340)
  • 29 July - William le Scrope, 1st Earl of Wiltshire (executed) (born 1350)
  • 22 September - Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, politician (born 1366)
  • References

    1390s in England Wikipedia


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