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1300

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1300

Year 1300 (MCCC) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

January–December

  • February 22 – The Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII is celebrated. It is at this celebration that Giovanni Villani decides to write his universal history of Florence, the Cronica.
  • June 15 – The city of Bilbao receives a royal foundation charter.
  • Date unknown

  • Money from Florence, Italy becomes the first international currency.
  • Philip IV of France begins his attempt to annex Flanders.
  • Wenceslas II of Bohemia becomes King of Poland.
  • A census in Imperial China finds that it has roughly 60 million inhabitants.
  • The Tuareg establish a state centered on Agadez.
  • Amsterdam is officially declared a city.
  • Jacob ben Machir is appointed dean of the medical school at Montpellier, France.
  • Aztec culture starts in Mesoamerica (approximate date).
  • The Dulcinian sect begins when Gherardo Segarelli, founder of the Apostolic Brethren, is burned at the stake in Parma during a brutal repression of the Apostolics
  • Births

  • June 1 – Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)
  • September 27 – Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine (d. 1327)
  • date unknown
  • John III, Duke of Brabant (d. 1355)
  • Jean Buridan, French philosopher and religious skeptic (d. 1358)
  • Khutughtu Khan, Emperor Mingzong of Yuan, emperor of the Yuan Dynasty (d. 1329)
  • Chihab Addine Abul-Abbas Ahmad ben Fadhl Al-Umari, Arab historian (d. 1384)
  • Robert, Count of Burgundy (d. 1315)
  • probable
  • Dionigi di Borgo San Sepolcro, Augustinian monk (d. 1342)
  • Geoffroi de Charny, French knight and chivalric writer (d. 1356)
  • Richard FitzRalph, Archbishop of Armagh (d. 1360)
  • Taddeo Gaddi, Italian painter and architect (d. 1366)
  • Ibn Kathir, Islamic scholar (d. 1373)
  • Laurence Minot, English poet (d. 1352)
  • John of Winterthur, Swiss historian
  • Deaths

  • February 19 – Munio of Zamora, General of the Dominican Order
  • July 18 – Gerard Segarelli, founder of the Apostolic Brethren (burned at stake)
  • September – Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall (approximate date; b. 1249)
  • December – Jean de Montfort-Castres, Count of Squillace
  • date unknown
  • Guido Cavalcanti, Italian poet (b. 1250)
  • Tsar Chaka, Mongol ruler of Bulgaria
  • Tran Hung Dao, Vietnamese general
  • Jacob van Maerlant, Flemish poet
  • William of Nangis, French chronicler
  • In fiction

  • March 25 (April 2 in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar, Good Friday) – The date of Dante's journey as the protagonist in his own epic poem, The Divine Comedy. Beginning with the Inferno, he made many cultural references to his time.
  • Till Eulenspiegel is said to have been born in this year.
  • References

    1300 Wikipedia


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