Rahul Sharma (Editor)

1215

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1215

Year 1215 (MCCXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Events

  • March 4 – King John of England makes an oath to Pope Innocent III as a crusader to gain his support.
  • June 1 – Mongol conquest of the Jin dynasty: after the long Battle of Zhongdu, Genghis Khan's Mongols captured and torched Beijing (the city burns for more than a month).
  • June 15 – King John of England is forced by rebellious barons of England at Runnymede to put the Great Seal of the Realm on a set of articles confirming their rights and those of the towns and Church, and confirming the status of trial by jury, which on June 19 is confirmed as Magna Carta.
  • August – King John of England rejects Magna Carta, leading to the First Barons' War.
  • August 24 – Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid.
  • November 11 – The Fourth Council of the Lateran gathers in Rome under Pope Innocent III, who adopts the style "Vicar of Christ".
  • December – First Barons' War: Alexander II of Scotland invades northern England.
  • Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated and forced to abdicate as Emperor and King of Burgundy, replaced by Frederick II (King of the Romans 1212–1250).
  • The Dominican Order is founded, according to some sources.
  • Bhiksu Ananda of Kapitanagar completes writing the holy Buddhist book Arya Astasahasrika Prajnaparamita (sutra) in gold ink in Ranjana script.
  • 1215–1216 – The Macy Jug, from Iran, is made. It is now kept at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  • Kalinga Magha from Kalinga Province in India lands in Sri Lanka with a force of 24,000 men, to capture the city of Polonnaruwa and depose its King, Parakrama Pandya.
  • Births

  • September 23 – Kublai Khan, 6th Khagan of the Mongol Empire and Genghis Khan's Grandson, founder of the Yuan dynasty (d. February 18, 1294, in Khanbaliq)
  • Pope Celestine V (d. 1296)
  • David VII Ulu, King of Georgia (d. 1270)
  • possible

  • Pope John XXI (d. 1277)
  • Deaths

  • February 3 (or February 4) – Eustace, Bishop of Ely and former Lord Chancellor of England
  • July 2 – Eisai, Japanese Buddhist priest (b. 1141)
  • September 1 – Otto, bishop of Utrecht
  • date unknown – Bertran de Born, French soldier and troubadour
  • References

    1215 Wikipedia


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