Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

11th United States Congress

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Senate President  George Clinton (DR)
House Majority:  Democratic-Republican
Senate Majority:  Democratic-Republican
11th United States Congress
Senate Pres. pro tem:  John Milledge (DR) Andrew Gregg (DR) John Gaillard (DR) John Pope (DR)
House Speaker:  Joseph Bradley Varnum (DR)
Members:  34 Senators 142 Representatives 3 Non-voting members

The Eleventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1809 to March 4, 1811, during the first two years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.


Major events

  • March 4, 1809: James Madison became President of the United States
  • October 27, 1810: Annexation of West Florida from Spain
  • Major legislation

  • May 1, 1810: Macon's Bill Number 2, ch. 39, 2 Stat. 605
  • Proposed Constitutional amendments

  • May 1, 1810: Titles of Nobility Amendment: Proposed to strip United States citizenship from any citizen who accepted a title of nobility from a foreign country. Although approved by this Congress, it was never ratified by the states.
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


  • President: George Clinton (DR)
  • President pro tempore: John Milledge (DR)
  • Andrew Gregg (DR), from June 26, 1809
  • John Gaillard (DR), from February 28, 1810
  • John Pope (DR), from February 23, 1811
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Joseph B. Varnum (DR)
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1814; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1810; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1812.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their districts.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


    There were 8 resignations, 2 deaths, 1 interim appointment, and 1 vacancy from before this Congress.

    House of Representatives

    Of the voting members, there were 12 resignations, 1 death, and 1 change due to a contested election.


    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • National University
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Arms Exports (Select)
  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • District of Columbia
  • Elections
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Lands
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Rules (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Benjamin Latrobe
  • Librarian of Congress: Patrick Magruder
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: James J. Wilmer (Episcopalian)
  • Obadiah B. Brown (Baptist), from December 5, 1809
  • Walter D. Addison (Episcopalian), from December 12, 1810
  • Secretary: Samuel A. Otis
  • Sergeant at Arms: James Mathers
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Jesse Lee, Methodist
  • Clerk: Patrick Magruder
  • Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton
  • Sergeant at Arms: Thomas Dunn
  • References

    11th United States Congress Wikipedia

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