|Covid-19|January 13 – Short-lived truce between England and France.
March 25 – King Richard I of England is shot in the left shoulder with a crossbow by French boy Pierre Basile at the siege of the castle of Châlus in France. The war between the kingdoms of England and France has become so brutal that Hugh of Lincoln is warned that "nothing now is safe, neither the city to dwell in nor the highway for travel".
April 6 – King Richard I of England dies from gangrene caused by his crossbow wound. His younger brother, John, becomes king of England. Richard's jewels are left to his nephew, Otto, King of the Romans. As a result of Richard's death, French soldier Mercadier has Pierre Basile flayed alive and hanged.
King Philip II of France renews his war against John, King of England, supporting the rival claim to the English throne of Arthur I, Duke of Brittany.
St Laurence's Church, Ludlow, in England is rebuilt.
Joan, Countess of Flanders (d. 1244)
Isobel of Huntingdon, daughter of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon (d. 1251)
King Guttorm of Norway (d. 1204)
Sufi Saint Sayyid Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari
January 23 – Yaqub, Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)
February 9 – Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1147)
April 6 – Richard the Lionheart (King of England) (in battle) (b. 1157)
September 4 – Joan of England, Queen of Sicily, wife of William II of Sicily (b. 1165)
Year 1199 (MCXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.