The 112th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 1 to May 16, 1889, during the fifth year of David B. Hill's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (seven districts) and Kings County (three districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.
At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The "United Labor" organization endorsed the Republican nominee for Governor Warner Miller, but nominated own candidates for the other offices. The Prohibition Party and the Socialist Labor Party also nominated state tickets.
The New York state election, 1888 was held on November 6. Gov. David B. Hill and Lt. Gov. Edward F. Jones (both Dem.) were re-elected. The only other statewide elective office up for election was also carried by a Democrat. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor, was: Democrats 650,000; Republicans/United Labor 631,000; Prohibition 30,000; and Socialist Labor 3,500.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 1, 1889; and adjourned on May 16.
Fremont Cole (R) was re-elected Speaker with 76 votes against 47 for William F. Sheehan (D).
Jacob Sloat Fassett (R) was elected President pro tempore of the State Senate.
On January 18, a grand jury in Albany refused to indict Assemblyman Charles Smith for perjury. The New York City Reform Club had accused Smith of having obtained his election by buying votes.
Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.Clerk: John S. Kenyon
Sergeant-at-Arms: John W. Corning
Doorkeeper: Charles V. Schram
Assistant Doorkeeper: Hiram Van Tassel
Stenographer: Harris A. Corell
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.Clerk: Charles A. Chickering
Sergeant-at-Arms: Owel H. Willard
Doorkeeper: Homer B. Webb
First Assistant Doorkeeper: John R. Harlow
Second Assistant Doorkeeper: W. B. Clark
Stenographer: George H. Thornton