The 10th Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the Indian Army during World War II. It was formed in September 1939. In June 1940 it was assigned to the 5th Indian Infantry Division and in September 1940, sailed for East Africa. The brigade spent time attached to other formations, the 4th Indian Infantry Division between June 1940 and March 1941, and the British 10th Armoured Division between March and June 1942, where it was destroyed during the Battle of Gazala. A new brigade was formed in Egypt and assigned to the 10th Indian Infantry Division, with which it fought in the Italian Campaign from April 1944 until the end of the war.
The following officers commanded the brigade during the warBrigadier H.R.C. Lane (early to mid September 1939)Brigadier William Slim (late September 1939 to January 1941)Lieutenant-Colonel B.C. Fletcher (January 1941 to March 1941)Brigadier T.W. Rees (March 1941 to March 1942)Brigadier C.H. Boucher (March 1942 to June 1942)Brigadier A.W.W. Holworthy (July 1942 to October 1942)Brigadier J.A. Finlay (October 1942 to February 1944)Brigadier T.N. Smith (February 1944 to end of war)