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1090s in England

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Events from the 1090s in England.

Contents

Incumbents

Monarch - William II

Events

  • 1090
  • After buying the allegiance of several local barons, King William II takes control of eastern Normandy.
  • 1091
  • 2 February - William II invades western Normandy.
  • July - Malcolm III of Scotland invades England reaching as far as Durham.
  • 23 October - London Tornado of 1091: A T8/F4 tornado is recorded in London, which destroys London Bridge and badly damages St Mary-le-Bow church.
  • Treaty of Caen signed by King William II of England and his brother Robert II, Duke of Normandy, dividing Normandy between them.
  • William and Robert jointly invade Scotland. King Malcolm III submits.
  • 1092
  • May - William II annexes Cumbria from the Scottish Celtic kingdom of Strathclyde and builds Carlisle Castle.
  • 9 May - Lincoln Cathedral consecrated.
  • 18 October - Walcher of Malvern correctly predicts the time of a lunar eclipse.
  • High tides cause great flooding in Britain. The Kentish lands of Earl Godwin are inundated, becoming known as the Goodwin Sands.
  • 1093
  • 6 March - The Frankish monk, philosopher and theologian Anselm is nominated as Archbishop of Canterbury; he is consecrated on 4 December.
  • 8 April - Construction of Winchester Cathedral by Bishop Walkelin is completed.
  • 11 August - Construction of Durham Cathedral begins.
  • 13 November - King Malcolm III of Scotland is killed at the Battle of Alnwick during an attempted invasion of England.
  • Normans occupy southern Wales, constructing Cardiff and Pembroke Castles.
  • 1094
  • February - William II and Anselm quarrel about investiture and the overlordship of Church lands.
  • 19 March - William II unsuccessfully invades Normandy.
  • Welsh expel the Marcher Lords and destroy all Norman strongholds in Wales, except Pembroke Castle.
  • 1095
  • January - Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumberland, rebels. William II captures Newcastle upon Tyne and Bamburgh, ending the revolt.
  • 25 February - A Council at Rockingham is held to resolve the dispute between Anselm and William II, but fails to do so.
  • May - Papal legate forces a reconciliation between William II and Anselm.
  • 1096
  • Teaching at what will become the University of Oxford is recorded.
  • King William II takes control of the Duchy of Normandy while his brother Robert II, Duke of Normandy is on the First Crusade.
  • Construction of Norwich Cathedral begun. Herbert de Losinga, first Bishop of Norwich, establishes a Benedictine priory at Norwich and, shortly afterwards, an episcopal grammar school, Norwich School.
  • 1097
  • October - Edgar Ætheling overthrows Donald III of Scotland and places his nephew Edgar on the Scottish throne.
  • 8 November - Anselm leaves England following disagreements with William II.
  • Construction of Westminster Hall.
  • 1098
  • June or July - In the Battle of Anglesey Sound, a fleet led by Magnus Barefoot, King of Norway, reverses an Anglo-Norman invasion of north Wales.
  • 1099
  • 11 November - Flooding of Mount's Bay, Cornwall.
  • Births

  • 1095
  • Hugh Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk (died 1177)
  • 1096
  • King Stephen of England (died 1154)
  • Deaths

  • 1092
  • 7 May - Remigius de Fécamp, Bishop of Lincoln
  • 1094
  • 21 November - Simeon, Abbot of Ely (born c. 994)
  • 1095
  • 19 January - Wulfstan, Bishop of Worcester (born 1008)
  • 26 June - Robert the Lotharingian, Bishop of Hereford
  • 1096
  • 2 January - William de St-Calais, Bishop of Durham and counsellor of William II
  • 1097
  • January/February - Odo, Earl of Kent (born c. 1030s in Normandy; died on First Crusade)
  • c. 1097/8 - Baldwin, Abbot of Bury St Edmunds and royal doctor
  • 1098
  • 3 January - Walkelin, Bishop of Winchester
  • 1099
  • 3 December - Saint Osmund, Bishop of Salisbury and Lord Chancellor
  • References

    1090s in England Wikipedia


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