Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

107th United States Congress

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Covid-19
House Speaker:  Dennis Hastert (R)
House Majority:  Republican
107th United States Congress
Senate President  Al Gore (D) until January 20, 2001 Dick Cheney (R) from January 20, 2001
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Robert Byrd (D) (January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001) Strom Thurmond (R) (January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001) Robert Byrd (D) (June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003)
Members:  100 Senators 435 Representatives 5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority:  Democratic (from January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001) Republican (from January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001) Democratic (from June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003)

The One Hundred Seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2001 to January 3, 2003, during the final weeks of the Clinton presidency and the first two years of the George W. Bush presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Twenty-first Census of the United States in 1990. The House of Representatives had a Republican majority, and the Senate switched majorities from Democratic to Republican and back to Democratic. By the end of term, Republicans had regained the majority in the Senate, but since the body was out of session reorganization was delayed till the next Congress.

Contents

Major events

A rare even split in the United States Senate and the defection of a single Senator led to three changes in majorities. Major security events occurred. The September 11 attacks were highly disruptive. Some Senators were targeted by anthrax attacks. The Congress voted to allow the President to invade Iraq.

  • January 3, 2001: Senate was evenly split (50-50) between the two parties. Democrat Al Gore - who was still Vice President - gave the Democrats the tie-breaker and majority control for the 17 days between the January 3 swearing-in of the new Congress and the January 20 inauguration of Republican Vice President Dick Cheney. Hillary Clinton, wife of President Bill Clinton, became the first presidential spouse to serve in Congress.
  • January 20, 2001: George W. Bush and Dick Cheney were sworn-in as President of the United States and Vice President of the United States respectively, giving the Republicans the tie-breaker and majority control. Trent Lott becomes Senate Majority Leader.
  • June 6, 2001: Senator Jim Jeffords, previously a Republican, declared himself an independent and announced he would join the Democratic caucus, giving the Democrats majority control. Democrat Tom Daschle became Senate Majority Leader.
  • September 11, 2001: September 11 attacks
  • September 20, 2001: George W. Bush reported to a joint session of Congress on the investigation into the September 11 attacks and officially announces the War on Terrorism
  • October 7, 2001: Operation Enduring Freedom began
  • October 9, 2001: Anthrax attacks were executed against members of the Senate, including Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle.
  • December 2001: Corporate financial scandals, including Enron and MCI
  • June 12, 2002: Prime Minister of Australia John Howard addressed a joint session of Congress. The address was originally scheduled for September 12, 2001, but was interrupted by the September 11 attacks. Already in Washington at the time, he sat in on Congressional sessions on September 12 instead.
  • November 25, 2002: Jim Talent wins special election for Senate in Missouri, effectively giving Republicans a majority. Reorganization delayed till Senate returned to session in the next term.
  • November 30 - December 2, 2002: Outgoing Sen. Phil Gramm (R-Texas) resigns weeks before his final term expires; Sen.-elect John Cornyn appointed to finish Gramm's term.
  • Major legislation

  • June 7, 2001: Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, Pub.L. 107–16, 115 Stat. 38
  • October 26, 2001: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism ("USA PATRIOT") Act, Pub.L. 107–56, 115 Stat. 272
  • January 8, 2002: No Child Left Behind Act, Pub.L. 107–110, 115 Stat. 1425
  • January 11, 2002: Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act, Pub.L. 107–118, 115 Stat. 2356
  • March 9, 2002: Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act, Pub.L. 107–147, 116 Stat. 21
  • March 27, 2002: Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (McCain-Feingold), Pub.L. 107–155, 116 Stat. 81
  • May 13, 2002: Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, Pub.L. 107–171, 116 Stat. 134
  • July 30, 2002: Sarbanes-Oxley Act, Pub.L. 107–204, 116 Stat. 745
  • August 6, 2002: Trade Act of 2002, Pub.L. 107–210, 116 Stat. 933
  • October 16, 2002: Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq, Pub.L. 107–243, 116 Stat. 1497
  • October 21, 2002: Sudan Peace Act, Pub.L. 107–245, 116 Stat. 1504
  • October 29, 2002: Help America Vote Act, Pub.L. 107–252, 116 Stat. 1666
  • November 25, 2002: Homeland Security Act, Pub.L. 107–296, 116 Stat. 2135
  • December 17, 2002: E-Government Act of 2002, Pub.L. 107–347, 116 Stat. 2899
  • Senate

  • President of the Senate: Al Gore (D), until January 20, 2001
  • Dick Cheney (R), from January 20, 2001
  • President pro tempore: Robert Byrd (D), until January 20, 2001
  • Strom Thurmond (R), January 20 – June 6, 2001
  • Robert Byrd (D), from June 6, 2001
  • President pro tempore emeritus: Strom Thurmond (R), from June 6, 2001
  • Majority leadership

  • Majority Leader: Tom Daschle (D), until January 20, 2001
  • Trent Lott (R), January 20 – June 6, 2001
  • Tom Daschle (D), from June 6, 2001
  • Majority Whip: Harry Reid (D), until January 20, 2001
  • Don Nickles (R), January 20 – June 6, 2001
  • Harry Reid (D), from June 6, 2001
  • Minority leadership

  • Minority Leader: Trent Lott (R), until January 20, 2001
  • Tom Daschle (D), January 20 – June 6, 2001
  • Trent Lott (R), from June 6, 2001
  • Minority Whip: Don Nickles (R), until January 20, 2001
  • Harry Reid (D), January 20 – June 6, 2001
  • Don Nickles (R), from June 6, 2001
  • Party Leadership

  • Republican Conference Chairman: Rick Santorum
  • Republican Conference Secretary: Kay Bailey Hutchison
  • Republican Campaign Committee Chair: Bill Frist
  • Republican Policy Committee Chairman: Larry Craig
  • Democratic Policy Committee Chairman: Byron Dorgan
  • Democratic Conference Secretary: Barbara Mikulski
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Patty Murray
  • Democratic Chief Deputy Whip: John Breaux
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Dennis Hastert (R)
  • Majority (Republican) leadership

  • Majority Leader: Dick Armey
  • Majority Whip: Tom DeLay
  • Chief Deputy Whip: Roy Blunt
  • Conference Chair: J. C. Watts
  • Conference Vice-Chair: Deborah Pryce
  • Conference Secretary: Barbara Cubin
  • Policy Committee Chairman: Christopher Cox
  • Campaign Committee Chairman: Thomas M. Davis
  • Minority (Democratic) leadership

  • Minority Leader: Dick Gephardt
  • Minority Whip: David E. Bonior, until January 15, 2002
  • Nancy Pelosi, from January 15, 2002
  • Chief Deputy Minority Whips: John Lewis, Ed Pastor, Max Sandlin & Maxine Waters
  • Democratic Caucus Chairman: Martin Frost
  • Democratic Caucus Vice Chairman: Bob Menendez
  • Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Nita Lowey
  • Caucuses

  • Armenian Caucus
  • Bangladesh Caucus
  • Biomedical Research Caucus
  • Bipartisan Disabilities Caucus
  • Blue Dog Coalition
  • Coalition for Autism Research and Education
  • Congressional Air Force Caucus
  • Congressional Arts Caucus
  • Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus
  • Congressional Assyrian Caucus
  • Congressional Automotive Caucus
  • Congressional Bike Caucus
  • Congressional Black Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans
  • Congressional Caucus on Korea
  • Congressional Caucus on U.S.-Lebanon Relations
  • Congressional Coast Guard Caucus
  • Congressional Ethiopian-American Caucus
  • Congressional Fire Services Caucus
  • Congressional Friends of Ireland Caucus
  • Congressional Hearing Health Caucus
  • Congressional Hispanic Caucus
  • Congressional Immigration Reform Caucus
  • Congressional Mississippi River Caucus
  • Congressional Motorsports Caucus
  • Congressional Pediatric & Adult Hydrocephalus Caucus
  • Congressional Progressive Caucus
  • Congressional Portuguese-American Caucus
  • Congressional Soccer Caucus
  • Congressional Taiwan Caucus
  • Congressional Travel & Tourism Caucus
  • Congressional Western Caucus
  • Congressional Wine Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus on U.S.-Lebanon Relations
  • Congresswomen's Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus on Turkey and Turkish Americans
  • Friends of Norway Caucus
  • Friends of Switzerland Caucus
  • Hong Kong Caucus
  • House Baltic Caucus
  • House Democratic Caucus
  • House Oceans Caucus
  • House Recycling Caucus
  • Hudson River Caucus
  • Intelligent Transportation Caucus
  • Law Enforcement Caucus
  • Liberty Caucus
  • New Democrat Coalition
  • Northern Border Caucus
  • Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus
  • Silk Road Caucus
  • Members

    Skip to House of Representatives, below

    House of Representatives

    Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

    Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.

    Senate

  • Aging (Special) (Chair: John Breaux, then Larry Craig, then John Breaux)
  • Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry (Chair: Tom Harkin, then Richard Lugar, then Tom Harkin)
  • Forestry, Conservation and Rural Revitalization
  • Marketing Inspection and Product Promotion
  • Production and Price Competitiveness
  • Research, Nutrition and General Legislation
  • Appropriations (Chair: Robert Byrd, then Ted Stevens, then Robert Byrd)
  • Agriculture, Rural Development and Related Agencies
  • Commerce, Justice, State and the Judiciary
  • Defense
  • District of Columbia
  • Energy and Water Development
  • Foreign Operations
  • Interior
  • Labor, Health, Human Services and Education
  • Legislative Branch
  • Military Construction
  • Transportation
  • Treasury and General Government
  • VA, HUD and Independent Agencies
  • Armed Services (Chair: Carl Levin, then John Warner, then Carl Levin)
  • Airland
  • Emerging Threats and Capabilities
  • Personnel
  • Readiness and Management Support
  • Seapower
  • Strategic
  • Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs (Chair: Paul Sarbanes, then Phil Gramm, then Paul Sarbanes)
  • Economic Policy
  • Financial Institutions
  • Housing and Transportation
  • International Trade and Finance
  • Securities
  • Budget (Chair: Kent Conrad, then Pete Domenici, then Kent Conrad)
  • Commerce, Science and Transportation (Chair: Ernest Hollings, then John McCain, then Ernest Hollings)
  • Aviation
  • Communications
  • Consumer Affairs, Foreign Commerce and Tourism
  • Manufacturing and Competitiveness
  • Oceans and Fisheries
  • Science, Technology and Space
  • Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine
  • Energy and Natural Resources (Chair: Jeff Bingaman, then Frank Murkowski, then Jeff Bingaman)
  • Energy Research, Development, Production and Regulation
  • Forests and Public Land Management
  • National Parks, Historic Preservation and Recreation
  • Water and Power
  • Environment and Public Works (Chair: Harry Reid, then Bob Smith, then Jim Jeffords)
  • Clean Air, Wetlands, Private Property and Nuclear Safety
  • Fisheries, Wildlife, and Drinking Water
  • Superfund, Waste Control and Risk Assessment
  • Transportation and Infrastructure
  • Ethics (Select) (Chair: Pat Roberts, then Harry Reid)
  • Finance (Chair: Max Baucus, then Chuck Grassley, then Max Baucus)
  • Health Care
  • International Trade
  • Long-Term Growth and Debt Reduction
  • Social Security and Family Policy
  • Taxation and IRS Oversight
  • Foreign Relations (Chair: Joe Biden, then Jesse Helms, then Joe Biden)
  • African Affairs
  • East Asian and Pacific Affairs
  • European Affairs
  • International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion
  • International Operations
  • Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs
  • Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps, Narcotics and Terrorism
  • Governmental Affairs (Chair: Joe Lieberman, then Fred Thompson, then Joe Lieberman)
  • International Security, Proliferation and Federal Services
  • Oversight of Government Management, Restructing and the District of Columbia
  • Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
  • Indian Affairs (Select) (Chair: Daniel Inouye, then Ben Nighthorse Campbell, then Daniel Inouye)
  • Intelligence (Select) (Chair: Bob Graham, then Richard Shelby, then Bob Graham)
  • Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (Chair: Ted Kennedy,then Jim Jeffords, then Ted Kennedy)
  • Children and Families
  • Public Health
  • Aging
  • Employment, Safety and Training
  • Judiciary (Chair: Patrick Leahy, then Orrin Hatch, then Patrick Leahy)
  • Administrative Oversight and the Courts
  • Antitrust, Business Rights and Competition
  • Constitution, Federalism and Property Rights
  • Criminal Justice Oversight
  • Immigration
  • Technology, Terrorism and Government Information
  • Youth Violence
  • Rules and Administration (Chair: Chris Dodd, then Mitch McConnell, then Chris Dodd)
  • Small Business (Chair: John Kerry, then Kit Bond, then John Kerry)
  • Veterans' Affairs (Chair: Jay Rockefeller, then Arlen Specter, then Jay Rockefeller)
  • House of Representatives

  • Agriculture (Chair: Larry Combest)
  • Department Operations, Oversight, Nutrition and Forestry
  • General Farm Commodities, Resource Conservation and Credit
  • Livestock and Horticulture
  • Risk Management, Research and Specialty Crops
  • Appropriations (Chair: Bill Young)
  • Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies
  • Commerce, Justice, State and Judiciary
  • Defense
  • District of Columbia
  • Energy and Water Development
  • Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs
  • Interior
  • Labor, Health, Human Services and Education
  • Legislative
  • Military Construction
  • Treasury, Postal Service and General Government
  • VA-HUD Independent Agencies
  • Armed Services (Chair: Bob Stump
  • Military Installations and Facilities
  • Military Personnel
  • Military Procurement
  • Military Research and Development
  • Special Oversight Panel on Morale, Welfare and Recreation
  • Special Oversight Panel on the Merchant Marine
  • Banking and Financial Services
  • Capital Markets, Securities and Government Sponsored Enterprises
  • Domestic and International Monetary Policy
  • Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit
  • General Oversight and Investigations
  • Housing and Community Opportunity
  • Budget (Chair: Jim Nussle)
  • Commerce
  • Energy and Power
  • Finance and Hazardous Materials
  • Health and the Environment
  • Oversight and Investigations
  • Telecommunications, Trade and Consumer Protection
  • Education and the Workforce (Chair: John Boehner)
  • Employer-Employee Relations
  • Workforce Protections
  • 21st Century Competitiveness
  • Education Reform
  • Select Education
  • Energy and Commerce (Chair: Billy Tauzin)
  • Commerce, Trade and Consumer Production
  • Energy and Air Quality
  • Environment and Hazardous Materials
  • Health
  • Oversight and Investigations
  • Telecommunications and the Internet
  • Financial Services (Chair: Mike Oxley)
  • Capital Markets, Insurance and Government-Sponsored Enterprises
  • Domestic Monetary Policy, Technology and Economic Growth
  • Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit
  • International Monetary Policy and Trade
  • Oversight and Investigations
  • Government Reform (Chair: Dan Burton)
  • Census
  • Civil Service
  • Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources
  • District of Columbia
  • Energy Policy, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs
  • Government Efficiency, Financial Management and Intergovernmental Relations
  • National Economic Growth, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs
  • National Security, Veterans' Affairs and International Relations
  • Technology and Procurement Policy
  • House Administration (Chair: Bob Ney)
  • International Relations (Chair: Henry Hyde)
  • Africa
  • East Asia and the Pacific
  • Europe
  • International Operations and Human Rights
  • The Middle East and South Asia
  • Western Hemisphere
  • International Economic Policy and Trade
  • Judiciary (Chair: Jim Sensenbrenner)
  • Commercial and Administrative Law
  • The Constitution
  • Courts, the Internet and Intellectual Property
  • Crime
  • Immigration and Claims
  • Resources (Chair: James V. Hansen)
  • Energy and Mineral Resources
  • Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife and Oceans
  • National Parks and Public Lands
  • Forests and Forest Health
  • Water and Power
  • Rules (Chair: David Dreier)
  • The Legislative Process
  • Technology and the House
  • Science (Chair: Sherwood Boehlert)
  • Energy
  • Environment, Technology and Standards
  • Research
  • Space and Aeronautics
  • Small Business (Chair: Don Manzullo)
  • Regulatory Reform and Oversight
  • Rural Enterprises, Agriculture and Technology
  • Tax, Finance and Exports
  • Workforce, Empowerment and Government Programs
  • Standards of Official Conduct (Chair: Joel Hefley)
  • Transportation and Infrastructure (Chair: Don Young
  • Aviation
  • Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation
  • Economic Development, Public Buildings, Hazardous Materials and Pipeline Transportation
  • Highways and Transit
  • Railroads
  • Water Resources and Environment
  • Veterans' Affairs (Chair: Chris Smith)
  • Benefits
  • Health
  • Oversight and Investigations
  • Ways and Means (Chair: Bill Thomas)
  • Health
  • Human Resources
  • Oversight
  • Select Revenue Measures
  • Social Security
  • Trade
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Economic
  • Taxation
  • Library
  • Printing
  • Legislative branch agency directors

  • Architect of the Capitol: Alan M. Hantman
  • Attending Physician of the United States Congress: John F. Eisold
  • Comptroller General of the United States: David M. Walker
  • Director of the Congressional Budget Office: Dan L. Crippen (until January 3, 2003)
  • Librarian of Congress: James H. Billington
  • Public Printer of the United States: Michael F. DiMario
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: Lloyd John Ogilvie
  • Historian: Richard A. Baker
  • Parliamentarian:
  • Bob Dove
  • Alan Frumin
  • Secretary:
  • Gary Lee Sisco, until July 11, 2001
  • Jeri Thomson, July 12, 2001 - end
  • Sergeant at Arms:
  • James W. Ziglar, until September 3, 2001
  • Alfonso E. Lenhardt, September 4, 2001 - end
  • Secretary for the Majority / Minority:
  • Martin P. Paone (Democrats)
  • Elizabeth B. Letchworth (Republicans)
  • David J. Schiappa (Republicans)
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Daniel P. Coughlin
  • Chief Administrative Officer: James M. Eagen, III
  • Clerk: Jeff Trandahl
  • Historian: Vacant
  • Parliamentarian: Charles W. Johnson
  • Reading Clerks:
  • Mary Kevin Niland (D)
  • Paul Hays (R)
  • Sergeant at Arms: Wilson Livingood
  • Inspector General: Steven McNamara
  • References

    107th United States Congress Wikipedia


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