The 106th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 2 to May 4, 1883, during the first year of Grover Cleveland's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (seven districts) and Kings County (three districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.
At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. In New York City the Democrats were split into three factions: Tammany Hall, "Irving Hall" and the "County Democrats". The Prohibition Party and the Greenback Party also nominated tickets.
The New York state election, 1882 was held on November 7. Democrats Grover Cleveland and David B. Hill were elected Governor and Lieutenant Governor. The other two statewide elective offices up for election were also carried by the Democrats. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor, was: Democratic 535,000; Republican 342,000; Prohibition 26,000; and Greenback 12,000.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 2, 1883; and adjourned on May 4.
Alfred C. Chapin (D) was elected Speaker with 84 votes against 41 for Theodore Roosevelt (R).
On January 11, John C. Jacobs (D) was elected President pro tempore of the State Senate.
On March 14, the Legislature elected William B. Ruggles (Dem.) as Superintendent of Public Instructions, with 94 votes against 52 for Neil Gilmour (Rep.), to succeed Gilmour for a term of three years.
Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.Clerk: John W. Vrooman
Sergeant-at-Arms: John W. Corning
Doorkeeper: Charles F. Brady
Stenographer: Hudson C. Tanner
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.Clerk: Walter H. Bunn
Sergeant-at-Arms: James H. Delaney
Doorkeeper: Jabez C. Pierce
First Assistant Doorkeeper: Edward Hinch
Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Edward Brodie
Stenographer: Spencer C. Rogers