AsiaGoryeo and the Liao Dynasty exchange embassies, following a seven-year territorial dispute.
The massive Kandariya Mahadeva Hindu Temple is completed, in the Chandela capital of Khajuraho.
EuropeThe city of Saint-Germain-en-Laye is founded.
Henry II of Germany conducts his third Italian military campaign.
Canute the Great codifies the laws of England.
AfricaLast evidence of indigenous Christian and non-arabophone culture in Tripolitania, Libya.
AsiaSeneqerim-Hovhannes of Vaspurakan surrenders his kingdom to the Byzantine Empire.
Mahmud appoints Ayaz to the throne, making Lahore the capital of the Ghaznavid Empire.
A Khitan princess is sent to marry into the Goryeo royal family, securing ties between the Koreans and the Liao Dynasty.
The Song Dynasty Chinese capital city of Kaifeng has some half a million residents by this year; including all those present in the nine designated suburbs, the population is over a million people.
The Chola Empire invades Bengal.
EuropeThe Moorish kingdom of Valencia becomes independent from the Ummayyad Caliphate of Córdoba.
EuropeUpon the death of Olof Skötkonung, he is succeeded by his son Anund Jakob as king of Sweden.
AsiaAl-Muizz ibn Badis begins to rule Ifriqiya in his own right.
The Song Dynasty Chinese military has one million registered soldiers, an increase since the turn of the 11th century, when the Song military only had nine hundred thousand soldiers.
Byzantine emperor Basil II defeats George I of Georgia.
A rebellion by Nikephoros Phokas Barytrachelos and Nikephoros Xiphias against Basil II fails.
ReligionAethelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury, is received at Rome.
Several Catharists are killed in Toulouse.
The Synod of Pavia issues decrees against non-celibate clergy and against simony.
Robert II the Pious burns some canons of St. Croix in Orléans, for holding that the world is inherently evil.
EuropeThe Judge-Governor of Seville takes advantage of the disintegration of the Caliphate of Córdoba, and seizes power as Abbad I, thus founding the Abbadid dynasty.
Abd ar-Rahman V is proclaimed Caliph at Córdoba.
AsiaThe Ghaznavid Empire occupies Transoxiana.
AfricaSoon after returning from Mecca, the Tarsina king of Zanata, a mountain kingdom between Algeria and Morocco, is killed in battle.
EuropeThe Salian Dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire is founded by Conrad II.
April 19 – Pope John XIX succeeds Pope Benedict VIII (his brother), as the 144th pope.
After several years in the Peninsula, Roger of Toeni, a Norman knight, leaves the battlefields of the Ebro Valley, and heads back to France. It ends what historians have described as an early crusade.
Battle of Lemnos: A Rus' raid into the Aegean Sea is defeated by the Byzantines.
East AsiaThe world's first paper-printed money, which later greatly benefits the economy of the Song Dynasty, originates in the Sichuan province of China.
South AsiaEmperor Mahmud of Ghazni sacks the Hindu religious center of Somnath, slaughtering over 50,000 people, and carrying off vast amounts of treasure.
EuropeApril 18 – Bolesław I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland.
The North African Zirid dynasty's attempts to retake Sicily fail.
Byzantines abduct Arabs' Messina, before the death of Emperor Basil II.
AsiaSrivijaya, a partly Buddhist kingdom based in Sumatra, is attacked by the Chola Empire of southern India, in a dispute over trading rights in South-east Asia. It survives, but declines in importance.
Constantine VIII succeeds his brother Basil II as Byzantine Emperor.
EuropeAribert (archbishop of Milan) crowns Conrad II King of Italy.
Pietro Barbolano becomes Doge of Venice.
Henry the Black is made Henry VI, Duke of Bavaria by his father, Conrad II.
Battle of the Helgeå (off the coast of Sweden): Naval forces of Cnut the Great's North Sea Empire defeat the combined Swedish and Norwegian royal fleets.
AsiaA Zubu revolt against the Liao Dynasty is suppressed, with the Zubu forced to pay an annual tribute.
EuropeMarch 26 – Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor.
May 14 – Henry I is crowned king of France, at Reims Cathedral.
approx. date – Ealdred becomes abbot of Tavistock in England.
AsiaAugust 16 – Bagrat IV becomes king of Georgia on the death of his father. He will hold the throne until his own death in 1072.
Civil war begins in Japan.
This is the first year of the first rabqung (60-year) cycle started in the Tibetan calendar.
As recorded in the Song Shi, the Song Dynasty Chinese engineer Yan Su reinvents the 3rd-century south-pointing chariot, a mechanical-driven compass vehicle.
The Book of Healing (Arabic: کتاب الشفاء Kitab Al-Shifaʾ, Latin: Sufficientia), a comprehensive scientific and philosophical encyclopedia written by the Persian polymath Avicenna (Abū ʿAlī ibn Sīnā), is published.
EuropeApril 14 – Henry III, son of Conrad II, is elected king of the Germans.
King Sancho III of Navarre conquers Castile.
Cnut becomes king of Norway.
Byzantine EmpireNovember 12 – Dying Emperor Constantine VIII of the Byzantine Empire marries his daughter Zoe Porphyrogenita to his chosen heir Romanus Argyrus.
November 15 – Romanus Argyrus becomes Eastern Roman Emperor as Romanus III.
Henry I of France
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