Neha Patil (Editor)

100 Orders

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The 100 Orders are "binding instructions or directives to the Iraqi people that create penal consequences or have a direct bearing on the way Iraqis are regulated, including changes to Iraqi law" created in early 2004 by Paul Bremer under the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq. The orders called for the de-Baathification of Iraq as well as extensive economic changes. Most of the economic changes are focused on transitioning the economy of Iraq from a centrally planned economy to a market economy, as outlined in the contract by BearingPoint:


"It should be clearly understood that the efforts undertaken will be designed to establish the basic legal framework for a functioning market economy; taking appropriate advantage of the unique opportunity for rapid progress in this area presented by the current configuration of political circumstances... Reforms are envisioned in the areas of fiscal reform, financial sector reform, trade, legal and regulatory, and privatization."

List of Orders

  • Order 1: De-Ba'athification of Iraqi Society
  • Order 2: Dissolution of Entities
  • Order 4: Management of Property and Assets of the Iraqi Baath Party
  • Order 5: Establishment of the Iraqi De-Baathification Council
  • Order 17: Status of the Coalition Provisional Authority, MNF–Iraq, Certain Missions and Personnel in Iraq
  • Order 81: “According to Order 81, paragraph 66 – [B], issued by L. Paul Bremer [CFR], the people in Iraq are now prohibited from saving newly designed seeds (not the traditional ones) and may only plant seeds for their food from licensed, authorized U.S. distributors.
  • Order 100: Transition of Laws, Regulations, Orders, and Directives Issued by the Coalition Provisional Authority
  • Controversy

    Without a doubt, the 100 Orders altered Iraq's existing laws. For this reason, the 100 Orders are also illegal by international law. The Hague Regulations of 1907, and the U.S. Army's Field Manual 27-10 ("The Law of Land Warfare") both limit the degree of transformation of an occupied country's laws.


    100 Orders Wikipedia