Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

1 Thessalonians 4

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Bible part  New Testament
Category  Pauline epistles
Order in the Bible part  13
1 Thessalonians 4
Book  First Epistle to the Thessalonians

1 Thessalonians 4 is the fourth chapter of the First Epistle to the Thessalonians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It is authored by Paul the Apostle, Silas, and Saint Timothy.

Contents

Text

  • The original text is written in Koine Greek.
  • Some most ancient manuscripts containing this chapter are:
  • Papyrus 30 (3rd century)
  • Codex Vaticanus (AD 325-350)
  • Codex Sinaiticus (AD 330-360)
  • Codex Alexandrinus (ca. AD 400-440)
  • Codex Freerianus (ca. AD 450; extant: verses 7-10, 16-18)
  • Codex Claromontanus (ca. AD 550)
  • This chapter is divided into 18 verses.
  • Structure

    This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to other parts of the Bible):

  • 1 Thessalonians 4:1-8 = Plea for Purity
  • 1 Thessalonians 4:9-12 = A Brotherly and Orderly Life
  • 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 = Prayer for the Church
  • Verse 16

    New King James Version

    For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.

    Verse 17

    New King James Version

    Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord.
  • Then we which are alive and remain
  • (See Gill on 1 Thessalonians 4:15).

  • shall be caught up;
  • suddenly, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, and with force and power; by the power of Christ, and by the ministry and means of the holy angels; and to which rapture will contribute, the agility which the bodies both of the raised and changed saints will have: and this rapture of the living saints will be

  • together with them;
  • with the dead in Christ, that will then be raised; so that the one will not come before the other, or the one be sooner with Christ than the other; but the one being raised and the other changed, they will be joined in one company and general assembly, and be caught up together:

  • in the clouds;
  • the same clouds perhaps in which Christ will come, will be let down to take them up; these will be the chariots, in which they will be carried up to him; and thus, as at our Lord's ascension a cloud received him, and in it he was carried up out of the sight of men, so at this time will all the saints ride up in the clouds of heaven:

  • to meet the Lord in the air;
  • whither he will descend, and will then clear the regions of the air of Satan, and his posse of devils, which now rove about there, watching all opportunities, and taking all advantages to do mischief on earth; these shall then fall like lightning from heaven, and be bound and shut up in the bottomless pit, till the thousand years are ended: here Christ will stop, and will be visible to all, and as easily discerned by all, good and bad, as the body of the sun at noonday; as yet he will not descend on earth, because it is not fit to receive him; but when that and its works are burnt up, and it is purged and purified by fire, and become a new earth, he will descend upon it, and dwell with his saints in it: and this suggests another reason why he will stay in the air, and his saints shall meet him there, and whom he will take up with him into the third heaven, till the general conflagration and burning of the world is over, and to preserve them from it; and then shall all the elect of God descend from heaven as a bride adorned for her husband, and he with them, and the tabernacle of God shall be with men; see ( Revelation 21:1-3 ) . The resurrection by the Mahometans is called (hlla aql), "a meeting of God", or a going to meet God:

  • and so shall we ever be with the Lord;
  • now the saints are with him at times, and have communion with him, but not always; but then they shall be ever with him; wherever he is; first in the air, where they shall meet him; then in the third heaven, where they shall go up with him; then on earth, where they shall descend and reign with him a thousand years; and then in the ultimate glory to all eternity: and this will be the issue and accomplishment of the counsel and covenant of grace, of the sufferings and death of Christ, and of his preparations and prayers.

    References

    1 Thessalonians 4 Wikipedia


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