Girish Mahajan (Editor)

1 Corinthians 14

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Bible part  New Testament
Category  Pauline epistles
Order in the Bible part  7
1 Corinthians 14
Book  First Epistle to the Corinthians

1 Corinthians 14 is the fourteenth chapter of the First Epistle to the Corinthians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It is authored by Paul the Apostle and Sosthenes in Ephesus.

Contents

Text

  • The original text is written in Koine Greek.
  • Some most ancient manuscripts containing this chapter are:
  • Codex Vaticanus (AD 325-350)
  • Codex Sinaiticus (AD 330-360)
  • Papyrus 123 (4th century; extant: verses 31-34)
  • Codex Alexandrinus (ca. AD 400-440)
  • Codex Freerianus (ca. AD 450; extant: verses 12-13, 22, 32-33)
  • Codex Claromontanus (ca. AD 550)
  • This chapter is divided into 40 verses.
  • Structure

    This chapter can be grouped:

  • 1 Corinthians 14:1-5 = Prophecy and Tongues
  • 1 Corinthians 14:6-19 = Tongues Must Be Interpreted
  • 1 Corinthians 14:20-25 = Tongues a Sign to Unbelievers
  • 1 Corinthians 14:26-40 = Order in Church Meetings
  • Verse 2

    New King James Version

    For he who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God, for no one understands him; however, in the spirit he speaks mysteries.

    King James Version

    For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries.
  • For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue
  • Or with tongues, as some copies and the Ethiopic version read: Dr. Lightfoot thinks, that the Hebrew tongue, which was become a dead language, and understood but by few, is here meant, and that not without reason; seeing the public prayers, preaching, and singing of psalms among the Jews, were in this languages; in imitation of whom, such ministers, who had the gift of speaking this language, read the Scriptures, preached, prayed, and sung psalms in it, which were no ways to the edification of the people, who understood it not; upon which account the apostle recommends prophesying, praying, and singing, in a language that was understood: otherwise he

  • speaketh not unto men;
  • to the understanding, profit, and edification of men: but unto God: to his praise and glory, and he only knowing, who knows all languages, and every word in the tongue what is said; excepting himself, unless there should be any present capable of interpreting:

  • for no man understandeth him:
  • or "heareth him": that is, hears him, so as to understand him; he may hear a sound, but he cannot tell the meaning of it, and so it is of no use and advantage to him:

  • howbeit in the Spirit he speaketh mysteries;
  • though under the influence and by the extraordinary gift of the Spirit he has, and to his own Spirit and understanding, and with great affection and devotion within himself, he speaks of the deep things of God, and the mysteries of his grace, the most glorious truths of the Gospel, yet the meaning of his voice and words not being known, he is a barbarian to them that hear him; and though what he delivers are truths of the greatest importance, they are a mere jargon to others, being unintelligible.

    Verse 21

    Cross reference: Isaiah 28:11,12

    References

    1 Corinthians 14 Wikipedia


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