Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

02.005 Fighter Squadron "Île de France"

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Country  France
Branch  French Air Force
Active  October 20, 1941 - present
Garrison/HQ  Orange-Caritat Air Base
Decorations  War Cross 1939–1945 (Croix de guerre 1939–1945) War Cross for foreign operational theaters (Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures)
Website  Official Website (in French)

02.005 Fighter Squadron "Île-de-France" (French language: Escadron de Chasse 02-005 "Île-de-France" or EC 2/5) is a French Air Force fighter squadron, currently stationed at Orange-Caritat Air Base (ICAO: LFMO) and equipped with the Dassault Mirage 2000C fighter aircraft. The squadron's planes now carry aircraft codes between 115-OA and 115-OZ.



EC 2/5 carries on the traditions of a fighter squadron created by Charles de Gaulle on October 20, 1941 as 340 (Free French) Squadron of the Royal Air Force. The success of this squadron during World War II earned it numerous awards and citations.

The squadron was integrated into the 5th Wing in July 1947 and equipped with Bell P-63 Kingcobra. From July 1949 to January 1951, it returned to combat when deployed during the Indochina War.

In March 1951 the unit received the appointment of Fighter Squadron 2/5 Ile-de-France and it moved to Air Base 115 Orange-Caritat and transitioned to the de Havilland Vampire. At this point the unit's history closely follows that of the other squadron based in Orange, EC 1/5 Vendée. Both units received the same aircraft types a few months apart and were assigned to the same operational deployments one after the other. In September 1992, EC 2/5 Ile-de-France earned the distinction of being the first unit of the French Air Force to be deployed in Saudi Arabia to enforce the no-fly zone imposed in Iraq. It has participated in similar operations in Bosnia.

Since 1997, EC 2/5 Ile-de-France is responsible for training and operational transformation of all Mirage 2000 pilots, though its main mission remains air defense. For this, it is equipped with 17 two-seat Mirage 2000 B and 7 single-seat Mirage 2000C fighter aircraft. On 11 June 2010, EC 2/5 Ile-de-France and EC 1/12 Cambrai were deployed to Chad to replace the last remaining Dassult Mirage F1 aircraft of the French Air Force on the African continent.

The squadron has provided a pair of Mirage 2000C aircraft and support personnel which have been deployed to the Polish 22nd Air Base along with a pair of Mirage 2000-5 aircraft from Escadron de Chasse 1/2. The aircraft arrived in Poland on 2 June 2014 to relieve four French Dassault Rafales as part of NATO's response to Russian aggression in Ukraine. They are tasked with air defense and reconnaissance in Baltic and Eastern European regions.


  • Croix de guerre 1939–1945 with five bronze palms for citations in the Order of the Day:
  • 4 July 1942
  • 30 September 1942
  • 12 December 1944 (No. 235)
  • 17 July 1945 (No. 941)
  • 27 December 1945 (No. 1435)
  • Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures with four bronze palms for citations in the Order of the Day:
  • 23 July 1950
  • 2 July 1951
  • 21 June 1951
  • 10 May 1991
  • Flights

  • 1st Flight "Paris" to June 2012, then C46 "Trident"
  • 2nd Flight "Vincennes" to June 2012, then SPA84 "Tete de Renard"
  • 3rd Flight "Versailles" from 1998 to August 2008, then SPA125 "Jeanne D'Arc"
  • Bases

    EC 2/5 is currently based at Orange-Caritat Air Base, enumerated as base aerienne 115 by the French Air Force.

    Notable service members

  • Caroline Aigle (served in 2000)
  • Aircraft used

  • 1942-1945: Supermarine Spitfire (as No. 340 Squadron RAF)
  • 1946-1951: Bell P-63 Kingcobra
  • 1951-1954: de Havilland Vampire
  • 1954-1956: SNCASE Mistral
  • 1957: Dassault Mystère II
  • 1957-1960: Dassault Mystère IV
  • 1961-1966: Dassault Super Mystère B2
  • 1966-1975: Dassault Mirage IIIC
  • 1975-1989: Dassault Mirage F1C
  • 1989–Present: Dassault Mirage 2000B/C
  • References

    02.005 Fighter Squadron "Île-de-France" Wikipedia