Rahul Sharma (Editor)

.pl

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Covid-19
Introduced  1990
Status  Active
Sponsor  NASKpp
TLD type  Country code
Registry  NASK
Intended use  Entities connected with  Poland

.pl is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Poland, administered by NASK, the Polish research and development organization. It is one of the founding members of CENTR.

Contents

History

The .pl domain was created in 1990, following the mitigation of the COCOM embargo on technological collaboration with post-communist countries. The first subdomain in .pl was .pwr.pl, belonging to the Wrocław University of Technology.

In 2003 NASK introduced the IDN technology which provides the possibility of using Latin, Greek and Hebrew signs as well as the Cyrillic script in domain names [1]. In 2008 the number of registered .pl domain names exceeded one million, whereas at the end of 2013 the registry comprised more than 2.4 million domain names [2].

Each domain must be registered in the National Domain Name Registry.

Second-level domains

Several functional and regional domains exist. Most popular are:

Functional domains

  • .com.pl, .biz.pl – commercial entities
  • .net.pl – network infrastructure
  • .art.pl – art
  • .edu.pl – education
  • .gov.pl – government
  • .info.pl – (general) information
  • .mil.pl – military
  • .media.pl – media projects
  • .org.pl, .ngo.pl – NGOs and not-for-profit organizations
  • Regional domains

    (There are more than 100 regional SLDs in Poland.)

  • .bialystok.pl – Białystok (city)
  • .bydgoszcz.pl – Bydgoszcz (city)
  • .czest.pl – Częstochowa (city)
  • .elk.pl – Ełk (city)
  • .gda.pl, .gdansk.pl – Gdańsk (city)
  • .gorzow.pl – Gorzów Wielkopolski (city)
  • .kalisz.pl – Kalisz (city)
  • .katowice.pl – Katowice (city)
  • .konin.pl – Konin (city)
  • .krakow.pl – Kraków (city)
  • .lodz.pl – Łódź (city)
  • .lublin.pl – Lublin (city)
  • .malopolska.pl – Małopolska (region)
  • .nysa.pl – Nysa (city)
  • .olsztyn.pl – Olsztyn (city)
  • .opole.pl – Opole (city)
  • .pila.pl – Piła (city)
  • .poznan.pl – Poznań (city)
  • .radom.pl – Radom (city)
  • .rzeszow.pl – Rzeszów (city)
  • .slupsk.pl – Słupsk (city)
  • .szczecin.pl – Szczecin (city)
  • .slask.pl – Śląsk (region)
  • .tychy.pl – Tychy (city)
  • .torun.pl – Toruń (city)
  • .wroc.pl, .wroclaw.pl – Wrocław (city)
  • .waw.pl, .warszawa.pl – Warsaw (city)
  • .zgora.pl – Zielona Góra (city)
  • Many registrants prefer to create their own second-level domains, directly under .pl — as of 2012, over 1,500,000 such domains are registered.[3]

    References

    .pl Wikipedia


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