|EC number 184.108.40.206|
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|CAS number 37289-39-7|
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KEGG KEGG entry
In enzymology, a (S)-2-haloacid dehalogenase (EC 220.127.116.11) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction(S)-2-haloacid + H2O
Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are (S)-2-haloacid and H2O, whereas its two products are (R)-2-hydroxyacid and halide.
This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on halide bonds in carbon-halide compounds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (S)-2-haloacid halidohydrolase. Other names in common use include 2-haloacid dehalogenase[ambiguous], 2-haloacid halidohydrolase [ambiguous][ambiguous], 2-haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase, 2-haloalkanoid acid halidohydrolase, 2-halocarboxylic acid dehalogenase II, DL-2-haloacid dehalogenase[ambiguous], L-2-haloacid dehalogenase, and L-DEX. This enzyme participates in gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane degradation and 1,2-dichloroethane degradation.
As of late 2007, 10 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1AQ6, 1JUD, 1QH9, 1QQ5, 1QQ6, 1QQ7, 1ZRM, 1ZRN, 2NO4, and 2NO5.