Puneet Varma (Editor)

(S) 2 haloacid dehalogenase

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EC number  3.8.1.2
IntEnz  IntEnz view
ExPASy  NiceZyme view
CAS number  37289-39-7
BRENDA  BRENDA entry
KEGG  KEGG entry

In enzymology, a (S)-2-haloacid dehalogenase (EC 3.8.1.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(S)-2-haloacid + H2O (R)-2-hydroxyacid + halide

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are (S)-2-haloacid and H2O, whereas its two products are (R)-2-hydroxyacid and halide.

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on halide bonds in carbon-halide compounds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (S)-2-haloacid halidohydrolase. Other names in common use include 2-haloacid dehalogenase[ambiguous], 2-haloacid halidohydrolase [ambiguous][ambiguous], 2-haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase, 2-haloalkanoid acid halidohydrolase, 2-halocarboxylic acid dehalogenase II, DL-2-haloacid dehalogenase[ambiguous], L-2-haloacid dehalogenase, and L-DEX. This enzyme participates in gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane degradation and 1,2-dichloroethane degradation.

Structural studies

As of late 2007, 10 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1AQ6, 1JUD, 1QH9, 1QQ5, 1QQ6, 1QQ7, 1ZRM, 1ZRN, 2NO4, and 2NO5.

References

(S)-2-haloacid dehalogenase Wikipedia


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