Neha Patil (Editor)

Witchcraft (clipper)

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Name  Witchcraft
Launched  1850
Designer  Samuel Hartt Pook
Class and type  Clipper
Draft  6.71 m
Witchcraft (clipper) httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Owner  S. Rogers & W.D. Pickman, Salem, MA
Builder  Paul Curtis & Taylor, Chelsea, MA
Acquired  "Sold to T. Magoun & Sons, Boston, for $66,000", 1854
Fate  Lost Apr. 8, 1861, "en route to Hampton Roads, VA, from Callao, Peru. Went ashore on Chicamanconic in sight of Cape Hatteras and Bodie Lights and was pounded to pieces."

Witchcraft was a clipper built in 1850 for the California and China trade. She made record passages from Rio de Janeiro to San Francisco, and from San Francisco to Callao, Peru.

Contents

Construction

Witchcraft was described as a very beautiful ship, with a figurehead of "a grim Salem witch riding upon her aerial broomstick."

Voyages

Witchcraft was commanded by Captain William C. Rogers, a son of one of the owners.

In 1852, on a voyage from San Francisco to Hong Kong, she lost her main and mizzen masts with all sails and rigging attached during a severe typhoon in the China Sea.

Ports of call during her career included New York, San Francisco, Boston, Shanghai, Manila, Melbourne, and Mauritius. On January 2, 1859, W.C. Rogers Company in Boston accepted the draft of Captain J.W. Booth in a letter sent from London for 358 pounds, paying for Captain J.W. Booth's appointment as captain of the Witchcraft.

Records set between Rio and San Francisco, San Francisco and Callao

In 1851 she sailed from New York to San Francisco in 128 days, of which 21 days was spent in Rio de Janeiro to replace the mizzen mast. "The continued voyage from Rio de Janeiro took 62 days which is the fastest passage on record." Game Cock, a clipper "of similar tonnage" which had left New York for San Francisco one day earlier, was also pushing hard and spent 57 days in Rio for repairs to her mainmast, resulting in a 128-day passage.

In 1854, she "sailed from New York to San Francisco in 98 days" and "San Francisco to Callao in 32 days. This is the fastest passage on record."

References

Witchcraft (clipper) Wikipedia


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