| Indian Army|
| 1920 - 1938
1947 - Present|
Lieutenant General Surinder Singh
Western Command is a formation of the Indian Army, active since 1947. It has seen action during the Indo-Pakistan Wars of 1947, 1965 and 1971. Lieutenant General Surinder Singh is the present commander.
Western Command (India) Wikipedia
The Presidency armies were abolished with effect from 1 April 1895 when the three Presidency armies became the Indian Army. The Indian Army was divided into four Commands (Bengal Command, Bombay Command, Madras Command and Punjab Command) each under a lieutenant general.
In 1908, the four commands were merged into two Armies (Northern Army and Southern Army): this system persisted until 1920 when the arrangement reverted to four commands again (Eastern Command, Northern Command, Southern Command and Western Command). In 1938 Western Command was downgraded to Western Independent District commanded by a major-general. Northern Command was re-formed again as North Western Army in April 1942 to guard the North West Frontier and the independent district was absorbed by the new North Western Army at that time.
Commanders included:Dec 1920 - Jun 1923 Lieutenant-General Sir Walter Braithwaite
Jun 1923 - Jun 1927 General Sir George Kirkpatrick
Jun 1927 - Jun 1931 General Sir Charles Harington
Jun 1931 - Jun 1935 General Sir Torquhil Matheson
Jun 1935 - Mar 1936 Lieutenant-General Sir Ivo Vesey
Mar 1936 - Aug 1938 General Sir Walter Pitt-Taylor
General Officer Commanding Western Command
General Officer Commanding Western Independent District1938 - 1941 Major-General Edward Quinan
After the partition of India, the erstwhile command headquarters of which north India formed a part, Northern Command, went to Pakistan. The communal violence of partition necessitated the raising of a new command headquarters to relieve Army Headquarters of the day to day overseeing of operations of the two independent areas in north India.
This command, initially named Delhi and East Punjab Command was raised in Delhi on 14 September 1947 with Lt Gen Sir Dudley Russell, KBE, CB, DSO, MC as the first commander. It had under it :Delhi Independent Area.
East Punjab Independent Area.
On 26 October 1947, following the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India, Western Command was put in charge of all Indian Army operations to seize the area for India.
Initially a division sized force Jammu and Kasmir Division was raised on 5 November 1947 under Maj Gen Kalwant Singh for overseeing operations in Jammu and Kashmir. This was later split into two parts - Ja (Jammu) Division (under Maj Gen Atma Singh) and Sri (Srinagar) Division (under Maj Gen K.S. Thimayya) to oversee operations in Jammu and Kashmir respectively.
Today the command reportedly consists of:Headquarters Western Command at Chandimandir
II Corps, headquartered at Ambala, Haryana
1st Armoured Division headquartered at Patiala
14th RAPID at Dehradun
22nd Infantry Division headquartered at Meerut
40 Artillery Division (India)
474 Engineer Brigade
16(I) Armored Brigade
785(I) Air Defence Brigade
Punjab, Haryana & Himachal Pradesh Independent Sub Area
IX Corps, headquartered at Yol, Himachal Pradesh
26th Infantry Division headquartered at Jammu
29th Infantry Division headquartered at Pathankot
2nd Independent Armoured Brigade
3rd Independent Armoured Brigade
16th Independent Armoured Brigade
XI Corps, headquartered at Jalandhar, Punjab
7th Infantry Division headquartered at Firozpur
9th Infantry Division headquartered at Meerut
15th Infantry Division headquartered at Amritsar
23rd Armoured Brigade
55th Mechanised Brigade