West Lavington is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, on the north edge of Salisbury Plain. The village is on the A360 road between Devizes and Salisbury, about 5 miles (8 km) south of Devizes. The parish includes the hamlet of Littleton Panell.
The parish was formerly known as Bishops' Lavington, the land having been granted to Roger, Bishop of Salisbury in 1136, and remaining in the hands of the bishopric throughout the Middle Ages.
The Anglican All Saints' Church is Grade I listed. It is from the 12th century or earlier, with many later alterations and additions. It has a 1910 painting entitled "Virgin and Child" by Louis Davis.
Ebenezer Baptist Church was built at Littleton Panell in 1848 and is affiliated to the Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches.
Also at Littleton Panell, a Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built in 1900. It closed in 1967 and was bought by the Catholic Church, reopening as St Joseph's in 1971.
Dauntsey's School, an independent day and boarding school, is situated in the village. The nearest state secondary school is Lavington School in Market Lavington.
There is also a primary school, Dauntsey Academy Primary School, built in 1999 at a new site to replace a 19th-century building on the High Street.
The village has two pubs: the Churchill Arms and the Bridge Inn. There is a village hall, a shop with a Post Office, and a doctors' surgery.
The Stert and Westbury Railway was built through the parish by the Great Western Railway Company in 1900, providing routes from London to Weymouth or Taunton. At the same time a station named Lavington was built north of Littleton Panell where the line crosses the A360. It was closed in 1967 and no local stations remain; the nearest railway stations are Pewsey and Westbury.
Littleton Panell is a contiguous hamlet in the parish of West Lavington. Its extent is disputed but its centre is north of the A360/B3098 crossroads and south of the old railway station for the Great Western Railway. The former manor house, a'Beckett's, is now offices and its grounds were for many years a fruit farm; more recently they have been planted as a vineyard and an orchard.
William Talman, architect and pupil of Sir Christopher Wren, was born at West Lavington in 1650.
David Saunders, whose life inspired Hannah More's tract The Shepherd of Salisbury Plain, was born at Littleton Pannell in 1717 and was buried in West Lavington churchyard in 1796.
Richard Godolphin Long was baptised at West Lavington in 1761. He became High Sheriff of Wiltshire and a Member of Parliament, and built Rood Ashton House near West Ashton.
Actor George Baker, best known for playing Inspector Wexford on television, lived in the village prior to his death in 2011.