Puneet Varma

Wedge (geometry)

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Wedge (geometry)

In solid geometry, a wedge is a polyhedron defined by two triangles and three trapezoid faces. A wedge has five faces, nine edges, and six vertices.

Contents

A wedge is a subclass of the prismatoids with the base and opposite ridge in two parallel planes.

A wedge can also be classified as a digonal cupola.

Comparisons:

  • A wedge is a parallelepiped where a face has collapsed into a line.
  • A quadrilaterally-based pyramid is a wedge in which one of the edges between two trapezoid faces has collapsed into a point.
  • Volume

    For a rectangle based wedge, the volume is

    V = b h ( a 3 + c 6 ) ,

    where the base rectangle is a by b, c is the apex edge length parallel to a, and h the height from the base rectangle to the apex edge.

    Examples

    Wedges can be created from decomposition of other polyhedra. For instance, the dodecahedron can be divided into a central cube with 6 wedges covering the cube faces. The orientations of the wedges are such that the triangle and trapezoid faces can connect and form a regular pentagon.

    A triangular prism is a special case wedge with the two triangle faces being translationally congruent.

    Two obtuse wedges can be formed by bisecting a regular tetrahedron on a plane parallel to two opposite edges.

    References

    Wedge (geometry) Wikipedia


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