Vespasiano Vincenzo Gonzaga (1621–1687) was an Italian noble and Viceroy of Valencia.
He was the second son of Cesare II Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla.
He married in 1679 in Spain with María Inés Manrique de Lara, 10th Countess of Paredes de Nava.
They only had one daughter, María Luisa Manrique de Lara y Gonzaga (1649–1721), 11th Countess of Paredes de Nava.
He was viceroy of Valencia between 1669 and 1675.