Girish Mahajan (Editor)

V Corps (Grande Armée)

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Covid-19
Active  1805–1815
Branch  Army
Engagements  Napoleonic Wars
Country  First French Empire
Type  Army Corps
Size  2-3 infantry divisions cavalry and artillery elemets

The V Corps of the Grande Armée was a military unit during the Napoleonic Wars. The corps was originally formed in 1805 and was reorganized several times until it was discontinued in 1815.

Contents

Service History

In 1805–1807 the corps was constituted mainly of French troops, and was commanded by Marshals Jean Lannes, Édouard Mortier, François Joseph Lefebvre and André Masséna as well as Général de Division Anne Jean Marie René Savary.

The Polish Corps d'Armée

In 1812, the V Corps was made up entirely of Polish soldiers from the Duchy of Warsaw under the command of General Józef Poniatowski. It was one of several non-French corps of the Grande Armée and at its peak consisted of around 36,000 soldiers. The corps took part in Napoleon's invasion of Russia and fought in the Battle of Smolensk and the Battle of Borodino.

It suffered heavy casualties during winter retreat, but managed to reach Warsaw and later was reinforced with new recruits. In 1813, they went to Saxony, passing Bohemia. The corps was temporary disbanded with the remaining troops, and Poniatowski was reassinged to the VIII Corps.

Revival

After the disastrous Russian campaign, the V Corps was rebuilt in Magdeburg from newly formed French units in spring 1813. These troops were under command of General of Division Jacques Lauriston. Participating in the War of the Sixth Coalition the corps was disbanded again after Napoleon's abdication.

The 100 Days

In March 1815, V Corps was rebuilt again and placed under command of General of Division Jean Rapp. Ordered to defend the north-eastern frontier of France, it missed the Battle of Waterloo; instead winning the Battle of La Suffel.

Organization

The V Corps varied in strength and organization. In the beginning of each campaign it had:

  • 14,000 French in 1805
  • 18,000 French in 1806–1807
  • 36,000 Polish in 1812
  • 20,000 French in 1813
  • 20,000 French in 1815
  • 1805

  • Infantry Division - General Gazan
  • Combined Grenadier Division - General Nicolas Oudinot
  • Light Cavalry Division - General Anne-François-Charles Trelliard, then Lasalle
  • 1806–1807

  • Infantry Division - General Louis-Gabriel Suchet
  • Infantry Division - General Gazan
  • Light Cavalry Division - General Trelliard
  • 1812

  • 16th Infantry Division - General Józef Zajączek, then Izydor Krasinski and Franciszek Paszkowski
  • 17th Infantry Division - General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski
  • 18th Infantry Division - General Ludwik Kamieniecki, then Karol Kniaziewicz
  • Cavalry Division - General Michal Ignacy Kamieński
  • 1813

  • 16th Infantry Division - General Nicolas Joseph Maison
  • 17th Infantry Division - General Jacques-Pierre-Louis Puthod
  • 19th Infantry Division - General Marie Joseph Rochembeau
  • 1815

  • National Guard Division - General de Berckheim
  • Haut-Rhin / Bas-Rhin National Guard (6 battalions)
  • 15th Infantry Division - General de Rottembourg
  • 1st Brigade
  • 39th Line Regiment
  • 40th Line Regiment
  • 2nd Brigade
  • 36th Line Regiment
  • 103rd Line Regiment
  • 16th Infantry Division - General Joseph Albert
  • 1st Brigade
  • 10th Light Regiment
  • 32nd Line Regiment
  • 2nd Brigade
  • 18th Line Regiment
  • 57th Line Regiment
  • 17th Infantry Division - General Charles Grandjean
  • 1st Brigade
  • 2 Infantry Regiments
  • 2nd Brigade
  • 2 Infantry Regiments
  • Light Cavalry Division - General Antoine François Eugène Merlin
  • 1st Brigade
  • 2nd Chasseurs a Cheval
  • 7th Chasseurs a Cheval
  • 2nd Brigade
  • 11th Dragoons
  • 19th Dragoons
  • 3rd Brigade
  • Mixed Cavalry (2-4 squadrons)
  • References

    V Corps (Grande Armée) Wikipedia


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