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Siddhesh Sonawdekar

MAHENDRA SINGH DHONI The coolest Captain in the World

Mahendra Singh Dhoni




Mahendra Singh Dhoni (About this sound pronunciation (help·info), commonly known as M. S. Dhoni; born 7 July 1981) is an Indian cricketer and the current captain of the Indian national cricket team. He is an attacking right-handed middle-order batsman and wicket-keeper. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest finishers in limited-overs cricket. He made his One Day International (ODI) debut in December 2004 against Bangladesh, and played his first Test a year later against Sri Lanka.



Dhoni is the captain of India in all three forms of the game. His Test and ODI records are the best among all Indian captains to date. He took over the ODI captaincy from Rahul Dravid in 2007 and led the team to its first ever bilateral ODI series wins in Sri Lanka and New Zealand. Under his captaincy, India won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, the CB Series of 2007–08, the 2010 Asia Cup, the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup and the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. In the final of the 2011 World Cup, Dhoni scored 91 not out off 79 balls to take India to victory for which he was awarded the Man of the Match. After taking up the Test captaincy in 2008, he led the team to series wins in New Zealand and West Indies, and the Border-Gavaskar Trophy in 2008, 2010 and 2013. In 2009, Dhoni also led the Indian team to number one position for the first time in the ICC Test rankings. In 2013, under his captaincy, India became the first team in more than 40 years to whitewash Australia in a Test series. In June 2013, when India defeated England in the final of the Champions Trophy in England, Dhoni became the first captain to win all the three ICC trophies. He has also captained the Chennai Super Kings to victory in the 2010 and 2011 seasons of Indian Premier League along with the 2010 Champions League Twenty20.



Dhoni holds the post of Vice-President of India Cements Ltd. after resigning from Air India. India Cements is the owner of the IPL team Chennai Super Kings, and Dhoni has been its captain since the first edition of IPL.



Dhoni has been the recipient of many awards including the ICC ODI Player of the Year award in 2008 and 2009 (the first player to win the award twice), the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award in 2007 and the Padma Shri, Indias fourth highest civilian honour, in 2009. He was named as the captain of ICC World Test XI and ICC World ODI XI teams for 2009. The Indian Territorial Army conferred the honorary rank of Lieutenant Colonel to Dhoni on 1 November 2011. He is the second Indian cricketer after Kapil Dev to have received this honour. In June 2013, Forbes ranked Dhoni at 16th in the list of highest paid athletes in the world, estimating his earnings at $31.5 million. The TIME magazine has added Dhoni in its "Time 100" list of 100 most influential people of 2011. SportsPro has rated Dhoni as the sixteenth most marketable athlete in the world.


                              MS Dhoni
Dhoni at Reebok event.jpg
Dhoni at an event in January 2013.
Personal information
Full nameMahendra Singh Dhoni
Born7 July 1981 (age 32)
RanchiBiharIndia
NicknameMahi, MS, MSD
Height5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Batting styleRight-hand batsman
Bowling styleRight-arm medium
RoleWicket-keeperIndia captain
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 251)2 December 2005 v Sri Lanka
Last Test14 February 2014 v New Zealand
ODI debut (cap 158)23 December 2004 v Bangladesh
Last ODI28 January 2014 v New Zealand
ODI shirt no.7
T20I debut (cap 2)1 December 2006 v South Africa
Last T20I10 October 2013 v Australia
Domestic team information
YearsTeam
1999/00–2004/05Bihar
2004/05–presentJharkhand
2008–presentChennai Super Kings
Career statistics
CompetitionTestODIFCT20Is
Matches8124312243
Runs scored4,3428,0466,504772
Batting average38.7653.2837.1632.16
100s/50s6/289/549/420/0
Top score224183*22448*
Balls bowled9036120
Wickets010
Bowling average31.00
5 wickets in innings
10 wickets in match
Best bowling1/14
Catches/stumpings219/37224/80327/5622/8
Source: ESPNCricinfo, 31 January 2014

Early life and background



Fig : MS Dhoni Childhood Picture

Dhoni was born in Ranchi, Bihar (now in Jharkhand), and he identifies as being a Rajput. His paternal village Lvali is in the Lamgarha block of the Almora District of Uttarakhand. Dhonis parents, moved from Uttarakhand to Ranchi where Pan Singh worked in junior management positions in MECON. Dhoni has a sister Jayanti Gupta and a brother Narendra Singh Dhoni. Dhoni is a fan of Adam Gilchrist, and his childhood idols were cricket teammate Sachin Tendulkar, Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachchan and singer Lata Mangeshkar



Dhoni studied at DAV Jawahar Vidya Mandir, Shyamali, Ranchi, Jharkhand where he initially excelled in badminton and football and was selected at district and club level in these sports. Dhoni was a goalkeeper for his football team and was sent to play cricket for a local cricket club by his football coach. Though he had not played cricket, Dhoni impressed with his wicket-keeping skills and became the regular wicketkeeper at the Commando cricket club (1995–1998).



Based on his performance at club cricket, he was picked for the 1997/98 season Vinoo Mankad Trophy Under-16 Championship and he performed well.Dhoni focused on cricket after his 10th standard. Dhoni was a Train Ticket Examiner (TTE) at Kharagpur railway station from 2001 to 2003, under South Eastern Railway in Midnapore (W), a district in West Bengal. His colleagues remember him as a very honest, straightforward employee of the Indian Railways. But he also had a mischievous side to his personality. Once, while staying at the railway quarters, Dhoni and a couple of his friends covered themselves in white bedsheets and walked around in the complex late in the night. The night guards were fooled into believing that there were ghosts moving around in the complex. The story made big news on the next day.



Personal life




Dhoni married Sakshi Singh Rawat, a native of Dehradun, Uttarakhand, on 4 July 2010. At the time of their marriage, she was studying Hotel Management and was working as a trainee at the Taj Bengal, Kolkata. After the retirement of Sakshi’s father from tea gardens, their family shifted to their native place, Dehradun.



The wedding stumped the media and the fans as it took place only a day after the couple got engaged. Bollywood actress Bipasha Basu, a close friend of Dhoni, was quick to inform the media that the wedding was planned for months and was not a spur of the moment decision.

Early career


Junior cricket in Bihar




In 1998 Dhoni was selected by Deval Sahay to play for the Central Coal Fields Limited (CCL) team. Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998-99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter-finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) or Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihars efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19s 839 with Dhonis future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358. Dhonis contribution in the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings. Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament.

Bihar cricket team


Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen-year-old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[30] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century while playing for Bihar against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[31] Apart from this century, his performance in the 2000/01 season did not include another score over fifty and in the 2001/02 season he scored just five fifties in four Ranji matches.

India A team




He was recognised for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya. Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India A and Pakistan A, Dhoni helped India A chase down their target of 223 against Pakistan A with a half-century. Continuing his good performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120 and 119*– against the same team. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 6 innings at an average of 72.40 and his performance in the series received attention from the then Indian captain – Sourav Ganguly and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India A team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Dinesh Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.

ODI career




The Indian ODI team in the early 2000s saw Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didnt lack in batting talent. The team also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik (both India U-19 captains) named in the Test squads.With Dhoni making a mark in the India A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05 Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.In the second match of the series, Dhoni, in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhonis 148 surpassed the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicket-keeper,a record that he would re-write before the end of the year.



Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and, in reply, India lost Tendulkar early.



Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India. The innings was described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as Uninhibited, yet anything but crude. The innings set various records including the highest individual score in ODI cricket in the second innings,a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346) and was awarded the Man of the Series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was rewarded a B-grade contract by the BCCI.



Test career




Following his good one-day performance against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper. Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed. Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.



India toured Pakistan in January–February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding a follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he brought up his maiden Test hundred in just 93 balls after scoring the first fifty in just 34 deliveries.



Dhoni followed the century up with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead. Dhoni was the top scorer in Indias first innings in the third Test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to Englands 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14). Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections.

Captain of India




Dhoni was named the captain of Indian squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007. India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest. He, then, went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007. He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final Test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who was injured in the third test and who then announced his retirement. Dhoni was vice-captain in this series up to that point. India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy. Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively.



It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series-leveling world championship of Tests against the South Africans in February 2010. India also managed to draw the Test series 1-1 in South Africa later that year.



After winning the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup final against Sri Lanka on 2 April 2011 with his match winning knock of unbeaten 91, Tendulkar heaped praises on Dhoni, claiming him to be the best captain he has played under. Tendulkar mentioned that it was Dhonis calm influence that was rubbing off on all his team-mates and described Dhonis handling of pressure was incredible.



Only nine players have captained ten or more Tests playing as a wicket-keeper. Dhoni leads the table with 33 Tests as captain, 15 ahead of Gerry Alexander in second place.



In March 2013, Dhoni became the most successful Indian Test captain when he eclipsed Sourav Ganguly’s record of 21 victories from 49 Tests. Ganguly also said in an interview to a news channel that Dhoni is the all-time greatest captain of India and he has a great record to support this credential.



World Cup




Under Dhonis captaincy, India won the 2011 World Cup. In the final against Sri Lanka, chasing 275, Dhoni promoted himself up the batting order, coming before Yuvraj Singh. When he came to bat India needed more than six runs per over with three top order batsmen already dismissed. 



He started building a good partnership with Gautam Gambhir. Due to good strokeplay and active running between wickets, they kept up with the required run rate. Dhoni was on 60 off 60 balls, but later accelerated with a greater flow of boundaries, ending with 91 not out off 79 balls.



 Befitting the occasion, he finished the match of in style with a huge six over long-on off bowler Nuwan Kulasekara and won Man of the Match. Later in the post match presentation, he admitted that he came up the order so as to counter the Muralitharan spin threat as he was very familiar with Muralis bowling, who was his team-mate in the Indian Premier League (IPL) franchise Chennai Super Kings. He had come after the dismissal of Virat Kohli, also a right-handed batsman. 



By partnering the left-handed Gambhir, he ensured a right-left combination at the crease that makes it difficult for bowlers to settle into a rhythm.



The bat used by Dhoni in the final match was sold for INR 72 Lac. The money goes to Sakshi Rawat Foundation, operated by Dhonis wife Sakshi Rawat to help orphan children.





Statistics and records GALLERY


Season by season at IPL


IPL Batting Statistics of MS Dhoni
YearTeamInnsRunsHSAveSR10050
2008Chennai Super Kings144146541.40133.5402
20091333258*41.50127.2002
20101128766*31.88136.6602
20111339270*43.55158.7002
20121735751*29.75128.4101
20131646167*41.90162.8904
2008-2013 Total84224370*38.01141.15013


ODI cricket

ODI Centuries

Mahendra Singh Dhonis ODI Centuries

No.

Score

Balls

4s

6s

Against

H/A/N

Venue

Year

Result

1

148

123

15

4

 Pakistan

Home

ACA-VDCA Stadium,Vishakapatnam, Hyderabad

2005

India won by 58 runs

2

183*

145

15

10

Sri Lanka

Home

Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur,Rajasthan

2005

India won by 6 wickets

3

139*

97

15

5

Africa XI

Home

MA Chidambaram Stadium,Chepauk, Chennai

2007

Asia XI won by 13 runs

4

109*

96

6

6

Hong Kong

Neutral

National Stadium, Karachi, Karachi,Pakistan

2008

India won by 256 runs

5

124

107

9

3

 Australia

Home

Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur, Maharashtra

2009

India won by 99 runs

6

107

111

8

2

Sri Lanka

Home

Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur, Maharashtra

2009

Sri Lanka won by 3 wickets

7

101*

107

9

0

 Bangladesh

Away

Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium,Mirpur, Dhaka

2010

India won by 6 wickets

8

113*

125

7

3

 Pakistan

Home

MA Chidambaram Stadium,Chepauk, Chennai

2012

Pakistan won by 6 wickets

9

139*

121

12

5

 Australia

Home

Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Mohali

2013

Australia won by 4 wickets

 

Record in international cricket


Dhonis results in international matches
 MatchesWonLostDrawnTiedNo result
Test833518270
ODI24313488-313
T20I43221911


 GALLERY


File:Mahendra Singh Dhoni batting.JPG
Fig : Dhoni batting against South Africa during the group stage match of 2013 ICC Champions Trophy.


Fig : Dhoni playing Helicopter shot 

File:MS Dhoni bowling.jpg
Fig : Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.






















Fig : Dhoni during his bday



























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