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Thomas Cooper, 1st Baron Cooper of Culross

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Thomas Mackay Cooper, 1st Baron Cooper of Culross (24 September 1892 – 15 July 1956) was a Scottish Unionist Party politician, judge and historian.


Background and education

Cooper was the son of John Cooper, of Edinburgh, a civil engineer, and Margaret, daughter of John Mackay, of Dunnet, Caithness. He was educated at George Watson's College, Edinburgh, and the University of Edinburgh.

Cooper was admitted a member of the Faculty of Advocates in 1915 and created a King's Counsel in 1927. He was the Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for Edinburgh West from a by-election in 1935 to 1941. In 1935 he was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland and later that year he was appointed as Lord Advocate. He also became a Privy Counsellor in 1935. In 1941 he became Lord Justice Clerk with the judicial title of Lord Cooper and in 1947 Lord Justice General and Lord President of the Court of Session. He resigned in 1954 and was created a peer as Baron Cooper of Culross, of Dunnet in the County of Caithness.

Personal life

He was educated at George Watson's College and then studied Law at Edinburgh University.

Cooper married Margaret Mackay.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1936, his proposers being John Alexander Inglis, Thomas Henry Holland, Thomas Hudson Beare and Ernest Wedderburn. He served as the Society's Vice President 1945–48.

Lord Cooper of Culross died in July 1956, aged 62, at which point the barony became extinct. He is buried with his parents near the centre of the SW section of the original Grange Cemetery in south Edinburgh.


Thomas Cooper, 1st Baron Cooper of Culross Wikipedia