The Runaway Soul, published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux in 1991, first edition ISBN 978-0-374-25286-1, Library of Congress catalog card number 91-75885, is the long-awaited first novel by Harold Brodkey. It represents either part of all of the work that Brodkey labored over for more than a quarter century, and which had originally been announced as A Party of Animals.
The plot of the novel concerns Brodkey's autobiographical character, Wiley Silenowicz, whose fate closely parallels the author's own childhood in St. Louis in the 1930s. Stylistically, the novel attempts to render sensation into language, following the style of Brodkey's celebrated New Yorker stories. In terms of material, much of The Runaway Soul was drawn from Brodkey's second collection of short stories, Stories in an Almost Classical Mode, which in turn was made of Brodkey's entire story output during the period 1963 to 1988.
The reviews of The Runaway Soul were mixed, and some quite negative. Time magazine's review on publication was lukewarm at best, ending with the observation, "[O]ne of the earliest [chapter headings] says volumes about the volume to follow. It is titled 'The Masturbation'." Newsweek's reviewer, while also damning it with faint praise, ended the review by stating. "The Runaway Soul is absolutely the last book you want to say this about, but it could have used a rewrite." In The New Criterion, Bruce Bawer called the book "one of the literary fiascos of all time." It did, however, receive a long, favorable review by D.M. Thomas.