Girish Mahajan

Terry's

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Traded as  Private company
Successor  Terry's Suchard
Headquarters  York, United Kingdom
Founded  1767
Industry  Confectionery
Defunct  2005
Ceased operations  2005
Terry's httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Fate  Bought by Kraft General Foods (later Kraft Foods, now belonging to Mondelēz International)
Predecessor  Bayldon and Berry Terry and Berry

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Terry's was a British chocolate and confectionery maker based in York, England. It was founded in 1767 and in 1993 it was taken over by Kraft Foods. The company's headquarters, later renamed The Chocolate Works factory, was closed by Kraft in 2005; products using the Terry's brand name are now produced in Kraft facilities in Poland, Sweden, Belgium, and Slovakia. The Terry's name eventually became part of Mondelēz International.

Contents

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History

The business began in 1767 as a shop close to Bootham Bar, York, selling cough lozenges, lemon and orange candied peel, and other sweets. When Robert Berry formed a partnership with William Bayldon the firm took the name Bayldon and Berry and by 1818 the business had moved to St Helen’s Square, York.

Joseph Terry, who was born in Pocklington in 1793, went to York to serve as an apprentice apothecary in either Stonegate or Spurriergate. On gaining his certificates, he set up as a chemist, firstly ‘opposite the castle’ before moving to Walmgate. In 1823 he married Harriet Aktinson, who was either a niece or sister-in-law or Robert Berry and after closing his chemist shop he joined the Berry confectionary business, from which William Bayldon had retired in 1821.

Terry's of York

In 1825, after the death of Robert Berry, Terry agreed to a new partnership with Robert's son George; they renamed the business Terry & Berry. In 1828, George left the business and it was renamed Terry's of York. Using the skills he learnt as a chemist, Joseph developed new lines of chocolate, confectionery, sugared sweets, candied peel, marmalade, and medicated lozenges. He began using the developing railway network of the North Eastern Railway to distribute his products in the North of England and in London.

Sir Joseph Terry

Joseph Terry retired in 1850 shortly before his death, handing over the business to his sons Joseph Jnr, Robert, and John. Joseph quickly expanded the business; four years later he moved production to a leased site at Clementhorpe, beside the River Ouse. This allowed easy shipment of raw products into the new production facility from the Humber estuary; twice weekly a steam ship brought ingredients, including sugar and cocoa, as well as coal to power the new steam-powered machinery, He renamed the business Joseph Terry & Sons. The Grade II listed St Helen's Square premises was retained by the company as a shop and restaurant until 1980 after which it was sold and the restaurant was converted into offices. As of 2017 the Terry name is still on the front of the building, which reopened as a restaurant in 2017.

Terry's Confectionery Works

In 1923, Frank and Noel Terry joined the family business. They restructured the company, launched new products, and bought a site in Bishopthorpe Road, York, on which to develop a new factory known as Terry's Confectionery Works. The new factory was built in an Art Deco style and included a distinctive clock tower. It was opened in 1926; new products including the Chocolate Apple (1926), Terry's Chocolate Orange (1931), and Terry's All Gold, which were developed and produced onsite.

Second World War

With the onset of the Second World War, confectionery production was immediately halted. The factory was taken over by F. Hills and Sons of Manchester as a shadow factory to manufacture and repair aircraft propeller blades.

Post-War

After the war ended, the factory was handed back to the company. Production was difficult because of rationing and limited imports of raw cocoa. As a result, in 1954 production of the chocolate apple was phased out in favour of increased production of the chocolate orange. The Colgate-Palmolive Company acquired Joseph Terry & Sons Ltd. from Trust House Forte Ltd. in 1977. United Biscuits (Holdings) Ltd. (UB) acquired Joseph Terry & Sons Ltd. from Colgate in 1982; Terry's formed the bulk of their confectionery division. After UB ran into financial difficulties in the 1990s, they sold their confectionery division to Kraft Foods in 1993. Kraft amalgamated Terry's with Jacobs Suchard to create Terry's Suchard.

From 2000, the company brand was changed from Terry's of York to Terry's, reducing the company's links with York. Production was also scaled back to UK products and Terry's Chocolate Orange, Terry's All Gold, and Twilight made for the international market. In 2012, Kraft split into two companies; one called Kraft Foods Group and the other called Mondelēz International. After the split, Terry's became part of Mondelēz.

Closure

In 2004, Kraft Foods decided to absorb Terry's, move production of remaining products such as All Gold and Chocolate Orange to factories in Belgium, Sweden, Poland, and Slovakia, and close the plant. The factory closed on 30 September 2005 with the loss of 316 jobs. The site was bought by developers Grantside and renamed The Chocolate Works. In February 2010, planning permission for a £165 million redevelopment of the site as a mixed-use of residential, commercial and leisure was given. Redevelopment started in 2011 with the removal of asbestos and the demolition of non-scheduled buildings in early 2012.

Terry's Family

Sir Joseph Terry was Lord Mayor of York in 1874, 1885–86 and 1890.

Sir Francis Terry (Frank Terry) was High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1945–46 and Peter Terry, son of Noel Terry, was High Sheriff of North Yorkshire in 1980–81.

The original Terry's family still resides in England, with great grandson to Noel Terry, Alexander Terry attending Newcastle University.

References

Terry's Wikipedia


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