Trisha Shetty

Terken Khatun (wife of Ala ad Din Tekish)

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Tenure  1172 – 1200
Father  Kipchak Khan
Died  1233
Children  Muhammad II of Khwarezm
Issue  Muhammad II
Religion  Islam
Spouse  Ala ad-Din Tekish
Terken Khatun (wife of Ala ad-Din Tekish) httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
House  Khwarazmian dynasty (by marriage)
Grandchildren  Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, Kumakhti-Shah, Yahya Hur-Shah, Princess Aysi Khatun, Ak-Shah
People also search for  Muhammad II of Khwarezm, Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, Ala ad-Din Tekish, Ay-Chichek

Terken Khatun also known as Turkan Khatun (Persian: ترکان خاتون‎‎, "the Queen of the Turks") was the Empress of the Khwarazmian Empire by marriage to Shah Ala ad-Din Tekish, and the mother and de facto co-regent of Muhammad II of the Khwarazmian Empire.

Contents

Background

Terken Khatun was from the Qanghli or the Bayads tribe of the Yemek, the daughter of the Kipchak Khan. According to Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu's biographer Muhammad Nasawai, majority of her son, Ala ad-Din Muhammad's, top commanders were from Terken Khatun's tribe, and the need to attach them to his side was one reason why the Shah lent so heavily on his mother for advice.

De facto co-ruler

After the death of her partner, 'Ala' al-Din Tekish (1172-1200), she so dominated the court of their son, 'Ala' al-Din Muhammad II (1200–20) and quarreled so bitterly with his heir by another wife, Jalal al-Din, that she may have contributed to the impotence of the Khwarazmshahi kingdom in the face of the Mongol onslaught. She had a separate Divan and separate palace and the orders of the sultan were not considered to be effective without her signature. The Shah ruled the heterogeneou peoples without mercy. In face of Mongol attacks, Khwarazm empire, with a combined army of 400.000, simply collapsed. Harezmshah Muhammed had retreated to Samarkand towards the end of his domination and he had to leave the capital city of Gurgenç to her.

References

Terken Khatun (wife of Ala ad-Din Tekish) Wikipedia


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