Suvarna Garge

Svoboda (newspaper)

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Editor  Zenon Snylyk
Founded  15 September 1893
Type  Weekly newspaper from July 3, 1998 (Daily prior to this)
Owner(s)  Ukrainian National Association, Inc.
Publisher  "Svoboda" Printing Office
Language  Ukrainian, with some English

Svoboda (in Ukrainian: «Свобода» — "Liberty") is the oldest existing Ukrainian newspaper and the most widely read in the Western world.

History

Svoboda was founded in Jersey City, New Jersey on 11 September 1893 by Father Hryhoriii Hrushka. After its foundation in February 22, 1894, the Ukrainian National Association (UNA) adopted the newspaper as its organ. It became a bi-weekly newspaper on 1 March 1894, a tri-weekly on 8 August 1914, and a daily on 3 January 1921. Svoboda was an important 'mouthpiece" for Ukrainians in North America, and played an important role in the discussing and solving of immigrant difficulties. Prior to the establishment of Ukrainian-Canadian periodicals (for example the Kanadiiskyi Farmer ("Canadian Farmer")), it was the only Ukrainian-language newspaper of any note in Canada and it was banned by this country during World War II for its pro-German sympathies.

Ukrainians not only in the United States and Canada, but also in Brazil, Galicia, and Bukovyna, subscribed to it. It provided a channel of communication for those of the intelligentsia concerned with emigration of Ukrainian peasants and life in the New World.

The Ukrainian intelligentsia, through Svoboda, sought to prepare the peasants for an improved lifestyle, and to offer advice in regard to breaking out of the peasant mold and to conform to the ideals of European civilization. Through a program of enlightenment, Svoboda promoted the establishment of Ukrainian schools, the learning of Ukrainian language and history.

At one time it had a circulation of approximately 18,000, the largest among Ukrainian papers in the West.

References

Svoboda (newspaper) Wikipedia


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