Girish Mahajan

Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army

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Chosŏn'gŭl  조선인민군 최고사령관
Hancha  朝鮮人民軍最高司令官

Revised Romanization  Joseon Inmin-gun Choego Saryeonggwan
McCune–Reischauer  Chosŏn Inmin'gun Ch'oego Saryŏnggwan

The Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army is the highest post in command of the Korean People's Army (KPA), the armed forces of North Korea, and is in charge of one of the largest standing armed force in the world with around 1.8 million active duty military personnel and military reserves. Constitutionally, the post is lashed to the chairmanship of the country's National Defense Commission. According to the constitution of North Korea: "The First Chairman of the National Defence Commission of Communist Korea is the supreme commander of the whole armed forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and commands and directs all the armed forces of the State."

History

Kim Il-sung was the first Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army upon the founding of North Korea on 1948 after which he was selected to be the leader of the country. He, upon assumption of power organized the KPA and had the Soviet Union then equipped it with modern weapons, tanks, planes, artillery and ships deemed unusable by USSR and Communist China. During the Korean War, Kim Il-sung then the General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) as well as the premier of the government and KPA Supreme Commander took care of the military operations only to be deprived of command by China in the latter stages. After the war, he resumed command of the KPA even after his election as President of North Korea in 1972. On the 1990s as he was aged, Kim relinquished the post of Supreme Commander of the KPA as well as the chairmanship of the country's National Defense Commission that supervises military matters to his son and designated heir as the next leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-il one year before his demise on 1994. The elder Kim remained as the President of North Korea, General-Secretary of WPK and Chairman of the party's Central Military Commission, a party organ propagating politics in military affairs. After Kim Il Sung's death on 1994, Kim Jong Il, being the new leader of the country and KPA Supreme Commander imposed Songun policy that prioritizes first the military affairs of the country than anything else. Kim Jong-il in his own death on 2011 was succeeded by his son Kim Jong-un,who replaced him also as the new leader of the country. Kim Jong-un was publicly declared as the new Supreme Commander by the Rodong Sinmun, on 24 December 2011 and officially appointed to the position on 30 December 2011.

References

Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army Wikipedia


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