The South Texas Detention Facility aka the South Texas Detention Complex is a privately operated prison located in Pearsall, Frio County, Texas, run by the GEO Group to house inmates for the federal United States Marshal Service and the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
The facility holds a maximum of 1904 detainees, male and female, at a mix of security levels. The facility first opened in May 2005 as the "Pearsall Immigration Detention Center" by the Correctional Services Corporation, which was bought by the GEO Group later that year.
A 2015 report from watchdog organizations Detention Watch Network and the Center for Constitutional Rights showed that contracts between ICE and five detention facilities in Texas obligated ICE to pay for daily minimum populations, effectively setting up a quota system. The nightly quota for this facility was 725, which was regularly exceeded.
A 2014 report from a unspecified source concluded that more people called in (on scheduled days to work) than any other GEO facility due to working long hours & no incentives offered to employees of STDC. The pay was finally raised in January 2015 in order to keep workers complacent, yet people still call in.