| Nariman Narimanov|
1904 or 1905
| Haydar Khan Amo-oghli|
Social Democratic Party (Persia) Wikipedia
The Social Democratic Party (Persian: فرقه اجتماعیون عامیون, Ferqa'ye Ejtemāʿīyūn-e ʿāmmīyūn) was a political party formed by Persian emigrants in Transcaucasia with the help of local revolutionaries, maintaining close ties to the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and Hemmat Party.
It was the first Iranian socialist organization.
The party created its own mélange of European socialism and indigenous ideas and upheld liberalism and nationalism. It maintained some religious beliefs while being critical of the conservative ulama and embracing separation of church and state.