|Category Unitary state||Number 34 provinces|
|Location Islamic Republic of Afghanistan|
Populations 147,964 (Nimruz) – 4,372,977 (Kabul)
Areas 1,840 km (711 sq mi) (Kapisa) – 58,580 km (22,619 sq mi) (Helmand)
Government Provincial government, National government
Afghanistan is made up of 34 provinces (ولايت wilåyat). The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions. Each province encompasses a number of districts or usually over 1,000 villages.
Provincial governments are led by a governor who is appointed by the President of Afghanistan. Each province is represented in the government of Afghanistan by two members in the House of Elders. One is elected by the provincial council to a four-year term while the second is elected by the district councils to a three-year term. Representation in the House of the People is directly from the districts, although in each province, two or more of the representatives must be women. They are appointed by the President of Afghanistan.