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Pierre Hugues Victoire Merle

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Service/branch  Infantry
Allegiance  France
Rank  Divisional general
Name  Pierre Victoire
Years of service  1781–1816

Pierre Hugues Victoire Merle
Born  26 August 1766 Montreuil-sur-Mer, France (1766-08-26)
Battles/wars  War of the First Coalition War of the Pyrenees (1793–1795) War of the Third Coalition Battle of Austerlitz (1805) Peninsular War Battle of Medina de Rioseco (1808) Battle of Corunna (1809) First Battle of Porto (1809) Second Battle of Porto (1809) Battle of Bussaco (1810) Battle of Sabugal (1811) Battle of Fuentes de Onoro (1811) First Battle of Polotsk (1812) Second Battle of Polotsk (1812)
Awards  Legion d'Honneur, GC, 1808
Other work  Baron of the Empire, 1808
Died  December 5, 1830, Marseille, France
Similar People  Napoleon, Peter Wittgenstein, Francis II - Holy Roman E, Nicolas Oudinot, Laurent de Gouvion Saint‑Cyr

Pierre Hugues Victoire Merle (26 August 1766 – 5 December 1830) was a French general during the First French Empire of Napoleon. He joined the French army as a private in 1781 but after the French Revolution, the pace of promotion quickened. He was appointed a general officer in 1794 for distinguishing himself during the War of the Pyrenees. After leading a brigade at Austerlitz in December 1805, he was promoted again. His division was in the first wave of the 1808 invasion of Spain, which precipitated the Peninsular War. In Spain, he led his division at Medina de Rioseco, Corunna, First and Second Porto, Bussaco, Sabugal, and Fuentes de Onoro. After being sent home from Spain, Merle was assigned to lead a division in the French invasion of Russia. He led his troops at First and Second Polotsk. He embraced the Bourbon cause in 1814, retired from the army in 1816, and died at Marseilles in 1830. Merle is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe on Column 35.

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References

Pierre Hugues Victoire Merle Wikipedia


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