Pavel Uladzimiravich Kalaur (Belarusian: Павел Уладзіміравіч Калаур), or Pavel Vladimirovich Kallaur (Russian: Павел Владимирович Каллаур; born 1962, Stolin District, Brest Region, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, USSR) is a Belarusian economist and head of the National Bank of Belarus from 27 December 2014.
Graduated from Pinsk College of Accounting and Credit (today — Polesian State University) and V. V. Kuibyshev Belarusian State Institute of National Economy in Minsk (today — Belarusian State Economic University). Worked in Gosbank (State Bank of the USSR) and headed its branch in Valozhyn. From 1988 worked in Valozhyn branch of Agroprombank (Agricultural and Industrial Bank of the USSR), after the dissolution of the USSR — in the bank's successor, Belagroprombank (Belarusian Agricultural and Industrial Bank). In 1993 he was hired to the National Bank of Belarus, where he was vice-chairman and first vice-chairman, serving under four chairmen from Stanislaw Bagdankevich to Piotr Prakapovich. In 2010 he became a head of the Bank BelVEB, Belarusian branch of Russian Vnesheconombank.
On 27 December 2014 he was named the head of the National Bank of Belarus and introduced on 30 December.
Holds a Candidate of Sciences degree (equivalent to Ph.D.) in Macroeconomics from 2001. His thesis "Monetary Union of Belarus and Russia: Economic Background and Consequences" was devoted to the problem Belarusian—Russian economic integration.