Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Pallas class frigate (1808)

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Name  Pallas
Preceded by  Hortense class
Planned  59
Operators  French Navy
Subclasses  Ariane
Completed  54
Pallas-class frigate (1808)

The Pallas class constituted the standard design of 40-gun frigates of the French Navy during the Napoleonic Empire period. Jacques-Noël Sané designed them in 1805, as a development of his seven-ship Hortense class of 1802, and the French government ordered in total 62 frigates to this new design. Of these some 54 were completed, although ten of these were begun for the French Navy in shipyards within the Netherlands or Italy, which were then under French occupation; they were completed for the Netherlands or Austrian navies after 1813.

Contents

Ships launched in 1808 (7)

  • Pallas
  • Builder: Basse-Indre Ordered: 26 March 1805 Launched: 9 April 1808 Fate: Stricken November 1821 at Brest, and broken up 1824
  • Elbe
  • Builder: Basse-Indre Ordered: 26 March 1805 as Aréthuse, renamed Elbe May 1807 Launched: 23 May 1808 Fate: Renamed Calypso August 1814. Condemned 1825 and taken to pieces c.1841.
  • Amélie
  • Builder: Toulon Ordered: 10 October 1807 Launched: 21 July 1808 Fate: Renamed Junon April 1814. Condemned 1842.
  • Clorinde
  • Builder: Paimboeuf Ordered: 19 July 1806 Launched: 8 August 1808 Fate: Captured by the British Navy in February 1814, becoming HMS Aurora.
  • Renommée
  • Builder: Basse-Indre Ordered: 26 March 1805 Launched: 20 August 1808 Fate: Captured by the British Navy in May 1811, becoming HMS Java; later captured by US Navy in December 1812.
  • Élisa
  • Builder: Le Havre Ordered: 20 May 1806 Launched: 22 September 1810 Fate: Wrecked in December 1810
  • Favorita
  • Note – Favorita was completed for the Napoleonic Italian Navy, but transferred to the French Navy in April 1810. Builder: Venice Ordered: 1806 Launched: 4 October 1810 Fate: Renamed Favorite in April 1810 (on transfer). Burnt at Battle of Lissa March 1811.

    Ships launched in 1809 (3)

  • Astrée
  • Builder: Cherbourg Ordered: 1808 Launched: May 1809 Fate: Captured by the British Navy in December 1810, becoming HMS Pomone.
  • Fidèle
  • Builder: Vlissingen (Flushing) Ordered: 14 August 1806 Launched: June 1809 Fate: Captured by the British Navy in August 1809, becoming HMS Laurel.
  • Adrienne
  • Builder: Toulon Ordered: 10 October 1807 Launched: 15 August 1810 Fate: Renamed Aurore in April 1814, then Dauphine in September 1829 and Aurore again in August 1830. Converted to a transport 1841.

    Ships launched in 1810 (4)

  • Nymphe
  • Builder: Basse-Indre Ordered: 25 April 1807 Launched: 1 May 1810 Fate: Converted to a breakwater 1832
  • Iphigénie
  • Builder: Cherbourg Ordered: 1809 Launched: 20 May 1810 Fate: Captured by the Royal Navy in January 1814, becoming first HMS Palma and then HMS Gloire. before being sold in 1817.
  • Méduse
  • Builder: Paimboeuf Ordered: 11 March 1807 Launched: 1 July 1810 Fate: Wrecked in July 1816.
  • Prégel
  • Builder: Saint Malo Ordered: 1807 Launched: 30 October 1810 Fate: Renamed Eurydice August 1814. Deleted 1825.

    Ships launched in 1811 (9)

  • Ariane
  • Builder: Basse-Indre Ordered: 25 April 1807 Launched: 7 April 1811 Fate: Burnt to avoid capture in the Action of 22 May 1812.
  • Médée
  • Builder: Genoa Ordered: 1808 Launched: 5 May 1811 Fate: Hulked 1849. Renamed Muiron 1850. Burnt 1882.
  • Andromaque
  • Builder: Basse-Indre Ordered: 10 November 1808 Launched: 21 May 1811 Fate: Sunk in the Action of 22 May 1812.
  • IJssel
  • Builder: Amsterdam Ordered: Launched: May 1811 Fate: Transferred to Netherlands 1814.
  • Carolina
  • Builder: Naples Ordered: 1807 Launched: 16 June 1811 Fate: Transferred to the Neapolitan Navy in December 1813.
  • Princesse de Bologne
  • Builder: Venice Ordered: Launched: 5 September 1811 Fate: Transferred to the Austrian Navy in April 1814, becoming their Lipsia.
  • Gloire
  • Builder: Le Havre Ordered: 26 December 1808 Launched: 3 November 1811 Fate: Condemned 1822.
  • Illyrienne
  • Builder: Saint Malo Ordered: 26 December 1808 Launched: 13 November 1811 Fate: Renamed Hermione 30 August 1814; stricken 14 April 1841.
  • Meuse
  • Builder: Amsterdam Ordered: 1810 as Alcide, renamed September 1810 before being laid down Launched: 17 December 1811 Fate: Transferred to the Netherlands Navy in May 1814, becoming their Maas.

    Ships launched in 1812 (14)

  • Terpsichore
  • Builder: Antwerp Ordered: 1810 Launched: 26 February 1812 Fate: Captured by the fourth rate HMS Majestic in February 1814, becoming HMS Modeste; she was broken up in 1816
  • Érigone
  • Builder: Antwerp Ordered: 1810 Launched: 25 March 1812
  • Aréthuse
  • Builder: Paimboeuf Ordered: 26 December 1808 Launched: 11 April 1812 Fate: Converted to a 28-gun corvette 1833-1834. Stricken 1851 and broken up after 1865.
  • Galatée
  • Builder: Genoa Ordered: 1808 Launched: 3 May 1812 Fate: Stricken at Toulon 6 May 1837.
  • Jahde
  • Builder: Rotterdam Ordered: Launched: 9 May 1812
  • Trave
  • Builder: Amsterdam Ordered: Launched: 12 May 1812
  • Weser
  • Builder: Amsterdam Ordered: Launched: 12 May 1812
  • Melpomène
  • Builder: Toulon Ordered: 18 January 1810 Launched: 17 May 1812
  • Rubis
  • Builder: Basse-Indre Ordered: 21 October 1809 Launched: 25 May 1812
  • Ems
  • Builder: Rotterdam Ordered: Launched: 26 May 1812
  • Atalante
  • Builder: Lorient - Caudan Ordered: 1 July 1809 as Eurydice but renamed 1811 Launched: 24 June 1812
  • Cérès
  • Builder: Brest Ordered: Launched: 12 August 1812
  • Piave
  • Builder: Venice Ordered: Launched: 15 August 1812
  • Dryade
  • Builder: Genoa Ordered: 1811 Launched: 4 October 1812

    Ships launched in 1813 (4)

  • Sultane
  • Builder: Paimboeuf Ordered: 21 October 1809 Launched: 30 May 1813 Fate: Captured by the British Navy March 1814, becoming HMS Sultane.
  • Étoile
  • Builder: Paimboeuf Ordered: 21 October 1810 as Hyménée, but renamed before being laid down. Launched: 28 July 1813 Fate: Captured by the British Navy in March 1814, becoming HMS Topaze.
  • Rancune
  • Builder: Toulon Ordered: 20 February 1812 Launched: 30 September 1813 Fate: Renamed Néréide about August 1814. Condemned 1825.
  • Amphitrite
  • Builder: Venice Ordered: Launched: October 1813 Fate: Still incomplete in April 1814 when Venice was captured by the Austrians. Then renamed Anfitrite and later Augusta in the Austrian Navy.

    Ships launched in 1814 (3)

    As noted below, all three vessels launched in 1814 were never added to the French Navy, as they were completed for the Dutch after the liberation of the Netherlands.

  • Amstel
  • Builder: Rotterdam Ordered: Launched: 13 September 1814 Fate: Completed for the Netherlands Navy in 1816, becoming their Amster.
  • Ambitieuse
  • Builder: Amsterdam Ordered: Launched: November 1814 Fate: Completed for the Netherlands Navy in 1816, becoming their Koningen, later Wilhelmina.
  • Immortelle
  • Builder: Amsterdam Ordered: Launched: November 1814 Fate: Completed for the Netherlands Navy in 1816, becoming their Frederica Sophia Wilhelmina.

    Ships launched after 1814 (12)

    Six of the following were completed for the French Navy after the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy; the other six, laid down in Rotterdam and Venice while those cities were under French control, were completed for the Netherlands and Austrian Navies respectively.

  • Cybèle
  • Builder: Le Havre Ordered: 1810 Launched: 11 April 1815 Fate: Completed 1816. Hulked 1850 as Remise.
  • Duchesse de Berry
  • Builder: Lorient - Caudan Ordered: 1810 as Didon, renamed at launch. Launched: 25 August 1816 Fate: Completed 1817. Hulked 1829 and renamed Victoire in August 1830.
  • Vestale
  • Builder: Rotterdam Ordered: Launched: October 1816 Fate: Completed for the Netherlands Navy in 1818, becoming their Vestale, later (1828) Rhijn.
  • Fidèle
  • Builder: Rotterdam Ordered: Launched: 22 November 1817 Fate: Completed for the Netherlands Navy in 1819, becoming their Schelde.
  • Constance
  • Builder: Brest Ordered: Launched: 2 September 1818 Fate: Completed 1823. Hulked 1836.
  • Thétis
  • Builder: Toulon Ordered: 1813 Launched: 3 May 1819 Fate: Completed 1822. Renamed 1865 as Lanninon.
  • Astrée
  • Builder: Paimboeuf originally, then Lorient Ordered: 25 March 1812 Launched: 28 April 1820 Fate: Completed 1821. Condemned 1842.
  • Hébé
  • Builder: Venice Ordered: Launched: 1820 Fate: Completed for the Austrian Navy in 1821, becoming their Ebe.
  • Armide
  • Builder: Paimboeuf originally, then Lorient Ordered: 25 March 1812 Launched: 1 May 1821 Fate: Completed 1823. Renamed 1866 as Entrepot.
  • Moskva
  • Builder: Venice Ordered: Launched: 1827 Fate: Completed for the Austrian Navy in 1828, becoming their Medea.
  • Guerrière
  • Builder: Venice Ordered: Launched: 1829 Fate: Completed for the Austrian Navy in 1830, becoming their Juno.
  • Vénus
  • Builder: Venice Ordered: Launched: 1832 Fate: Completed for the Austrian Navy in 1833, becoming their Venere.

    Ships never launched (i.e. cancelled)

  • Corona
  • Builder: Venice Begun: August 1812 Fate: Construction abandoned April 1814 at the fall of Venice to the Austrians.
  • Inconstante
  • Builder: Antwerp Begun: August 1812 Fate: Construction abandoned August 1814 at the fall of Antwerp to the Allies.
  • Ruppel
  • Builder: Antwerp Begun: September 1812 Fate: Construction abandoned August 1814 at the fall of Antwerp to the Allies.
  • Précieuse
  • Builder: Antwerp Begun: September 1812 Fate: Construction abandoned August 1814 at the fall of Antwerp to the Allies.
  • Istrienne
  • Builder: Trieste Begun: April 1813 Fate: Construction abandoned October 1813 at the fall of Trieste to the Austrians.

    References

    Pallas-class frigate (1808) Wikipedia


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