Oldřich Dědek (born 26 November 1953 in Chlumec nad Cidlinou) is a Czech economist. He graduated in agricultural economics from the University of Economics, Prague. After completing his studies in 1978, he was employed by the Economic Institute of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, where he worked as a researcher specialising in economic policy. In 1992, he joined the Czech National Bank (Česká národní banka) as Deputy Director of the Institute of Economics, and in 1996, he was appointed an adviser to the ČNB Governor. He was formerly a member of the Scientific Council of the Faculty of Social Sciences at Charles University in Prague, where he lectures on financial market issues and European Economic integration (a 3-modeule course supported by the Jean Monnet grant which also includes courses by prof. Katerina Smidkova and Dr. Wadim Strielkowski. He was named a Full Professor by the Charles University in Prague in 2011.
He is currently a member of the Administrative Board of Charles University and of the Scientific and Pedagogical Board of the Masaryk Institute of Advanced Studies at the Czech Technical University. He is also a member of the Board of Editors of the journals Politická ekonomie (Political Economics) and Prague Economic Papers. He has participated in internships and study programmes in the United Kingdom (London School of Economics, University of Warwick) and the USA (International Monetary Fund, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City).
He publishes articles on monetary and economic policy issues in the daily press and in professional journals. As an adviser to the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic in the first half of 1998 he headed the team of authors who prepared the document Economic Strategy of Joining the European Union: Starting Points and Directions.
From 13 February 1999 to 2005, he was a ČNB Vice-Governor.