Nord Department was one of the original four departments of Ivory Coast. It was established in 1961, along with Centre Department, Sud-Est Department, and Sud-Ouest Department. During Nord Department's existence, departments were the first-level administrative subdivisions of Ivory Coast.
Using current boundaries as a reference, the territory of Nord Department was composed of Denguélé District, Savanes District, and Woroba District.
In 1969, Nord Department and the other five existing departments of the country were abolished and replaced with 24 new departments. The territory of Nord Department became the new departments of Boundiali, Ferkessédougou, Korhogo, Odienné, Séguéla, and Touba.