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Nicrophorus vespilloides

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Coleoptera
Genus  Nicrophorus
Higher classification  Burying beetle
Phylum  Arthropoda
Family  Silphidae
Scientific name  Nicrophorus vespilloides
Rank  Species
Nicrophorus vespilloides Nicrophorus vespilloides Wikipedia
Similar  Burying beetle, Beetle, Silphidae, Insect, Nicrophorus vespillo

Sexton beetle or burying beetle with gamasid mites nicrophorus vespilloides


Nicrophorus vespilloides is a burying beetle described by Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst in 1783.

Besides the many interesting behaviors this beetle exhibits, it is of interest because in North America it is restricted to Sphagnum bogs and marshes, whereas in Europe and throughout the Palearctic it is found in open forest habitats. The restriction of N. vespilloides to bogs in the North America has been attributed to competition with its congener, N. defodiens which in this area is found in forest habitats. N. vespilloides reproduces exclusively in bogs in North America and is never found in adjacent (<100 m or 330 ft) forested habitat in the Mer Bleue bog area near Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Nicrophorus vespilloides vespilloides Schwarzhrniger Totengrber12

There are also a number of phoretic (hitch-hiking) mites that are associated with N. vespilloides. These include Pelzneria nr. crenulata, Macrocheles merderius, and Uroobovella nr. novasimilis and the largest mite Poecilochirus carabi. P. carabi is not attached by any physical means (such as a secreted anal stalk in the case of M. merderius) to N. vespilloides. When the males or females of N. vespilloides have finished breeding on a carcass the deutonymphs of P. carabi roam freely about the body of the beetles as they search for new carcasses to reproduce. It had been proposed that P. carabi deutonymphs, on arrival at a new carcass dismounted from the beetles and consumed fly eggs and larvae which would have competed for the beetle larvae for food. This relationship which benefited the beetles has been described as mutualistic. However, it has been shown that adults of P. carabi consume the eggs of N. vespilloides and that this has direct and negative effects on the reproduction of this beetle species.

Nicrophorus vespilloides Common Sexton Beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides NatureSpot

N. vespilloides is also used as a model organism in the study of social immunity.

Nicrophorus vespilloides Common Sexton Beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides NatureSpot
Nicrophorus vespilloides wwweakringbirdscomeakringbirds3nicrophorusvesp
Nicrophorus vespilloides Sexton Beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides BugGuideNet
Nicrophorus vespilloides Nichrophorus vespilloides

References

Nicrophorus vespilloides Wikipedia


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