Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Nesophontes

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Kingdom  Animalia
Phylum  Chordata
Rank  Genus
Scientific name  Nesophontes
Higher classification  Nesophontidae
Order  Eulipotyphla
Nesophontes blogsdiscovermagazinecomdeadthingsfiles20160
Family  â€ Nesophontidae Anthony, 1916
Lower classifications  Puerto Rican nesophontes

Nesophontes, sometimes called West Indies shrews, is a genus of the extinct mammal family Nesophontidae in the order Eulipotyphla. This is the only genus described for this family. These animals were small insectivores, about 5 to 15 cm long, with a long slender snout and head and a long tail. They were endemic to Cuba, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, and the Cayman Islands.

Nesophontes Extinct mammals

Although reliable estimates are unavailable, these animals are widely believed to have survived the Pleistocene extinction since remains have been found among those of Rattus and Mus species. Some authorities estimate extinction coinciding with the arrivals of rats aboard Spanish vessels in the early 16th century (1500). Others, such as Morgan and Woods, claim that some species survived until the early 20th century. A phylogenetic study in 2016, based on DNA extracted from a specimen about 750 years old, suggests their nearest relatives are the solenodons, although the two groups diverged more than 40 million years ago.

Nesophontes Nesophontes longirostris nezofont vchodn Nesophontidae

The West Indies shrews have only been described from fossil records and skeletal material in owl pellets found in the Greater Antilles and surrounding islands. Recent efforts to locate surviving populations have been unsuccessful. Although some Nesophontes remains (in owl pellets) have been reported as fresh-appearing, radiocarbon dating has failed to support any post-15th century dates, suggesting that the nesophontids became extinct very rapidly at approximately the time of European discovery of the Greater Antilles.

Nesophontes Ausgerottete Arten

Since Nesophontes species have only been observed through fossil records the exact number of species varies among authorities. Some claim as many as 12 valid species while other claim as few as six.

Nesophontes Caribbean bones reveal the origin of the 39island murderer39 Natural
  • Puerto Rican nesophontes (Nesophontes edithae)
  • Atalaye nesophontes (Nesophontes hypomicrus)
  • Slender Cuban nesophontes (Nesophontes longirostris)
  • Greater Cuban nesophontes (Nesophontes major )
  • Western Cuban nesophontes (Nesophontes micrus)
  • St. Michel nesophontes (Nesophontes paramicrus)
  • Lesser Cuban nesophontes (Nesophontes submicrus)
  • Cuban nesophontes (Nesophontes superstes)
  • Haitian nesophontes (Nesophontes zamicrus)

  • Nesophontes Mammals on Earth Distribution by gographical area Mammals39Planet

    Two other species from the Cayman Islands remain undescribed.

    Nesophontes Nesophontes Wikipedia

    References

    Nesophontes Wikipedia


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