|Phone +55 21 3883-5600||Architect Affonso Eduardo Reidy|
|Address Av. Infante Dom Henrique, 85 - Parque do Flamengo, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, 20021-140, Brazil|
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Similar São Paulo Museum of Modern Art, Flamengo Park, Museu Nacional de Belas, Musée d'Art de Rio, National Historical Museum
The Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro (MAM) (Portuguese: Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) is a museum located in northeastern Flamengo Park, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is in the Centro district, west of Santos Dumont Airport, on Guanabara Bay.
Flamengo Park was an urban planning project on the coast of Rio under the direction of Roberto Burle Marx (1909-1994) in the 1950s and 1960s. The Modernist concrete museum building, designed by Affonso Eduardo Reidy (1909-1964), was completed in 1955. The museum's landmark Modernist gardens were designed by Burle Marx.
The main building has a dramatic cadence of external pillar elements, connected by longitudinal beams, providing a galley level free of internal columns or structural walls. The park was created on landfill in the bay, so the pillars footings reach 20 metres (66 ft) down.
A large outdoor terrace is framed by the entrance façades of the main building and theater wing. The northern façade has aluminum shutters to control the amount of (low) natural light entering the gallery space during the winter solstice period. The windows of the gallery are oriented to the north and south.
Anner courtyard was also designed by Burle Marx. A broad spiral ramp element reaches an upper level, with a roof terrace, restaurant, bar, and lounge overlooking Guanabara Bay, Sugarloaf, and Rio's other granitic mountain formations.
Affonso Eduardo Reidy's essay for the meaning of the museum expressed:
The museum's scope is as an arts center, and includes:
- exhibitions — galleries for the permanent collection and travelling shows.
- school of art — with lecture and studio spaces.
- theater — for concerts, plays, classical ballets, film exhibitions, and conferences.
- operations — public services (dining, etc.), workshops, collections warehouses, and administration offices.
On July 8, 1978, a rough fire caused by a cigarette or due an electrical failure, destroyed 90% of the artworks – including artworks from Pablo Picasso ("Cubist Head" and "Portrait of Dora Maar"), Miró ("Persons in a Landscape"), Salvador Dalí ("Egg on a Plate, Without the Plate"), Max Ernst, Paul Klee, Diego Rivera, René Magritte, Ivan Serpa, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Manabu Mabe and others – and all artworks showed in a big retrospective of artist Joaquin Torres García.