Movimiento Estudiantil (en. The Student Movement) is a student movement started in 2007, made up of students who organized in opposition to the government of the President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez. According to several analysts, it had a decisive effect on the rejection of the Venezuelan constitutional referendum of 2007.
This movement is active in Venezuela since the protests by the end of the concession of RCTV, which began on May 27 of 2007, when the government of Hugo Chavez did not renew the concession television channel RCTV by the expiration of its grant and its participation in the 2002 coup.
At the height of the protests, the movement applied to intervene in the National Assembly of Venezuela . The request was granted and a debate between opponents and other college students affects students left government was organized. However, the leaders of the opposition movement refused to discuss and withdrew after a brief intervention.
After the call Student Awakening occurred in 2007, various political factions organized student movements in all of higher learning in the country formed the so-called National Student Movement in principle be represented by Yon Goicoechea, Stalin Gonzalez, Ricardo Sanchez, Freddy Guevara, Nixon Moreno, and others. However, this national organization did not have the expected gear due to political, geographical and ideological differences of the various sectors that formed, so despite the "Victoria" electoral said teachers sectors yours in the elections December 2 of 2007, this set of groups was not very relevant in the political arena for some years, being displaced by the political leaders of the traditional parties.
Student Representatives are directed to the crowd during a college march in Caracas, Venezuela. 2013. The authorities of the autonomous universities of Venezuela have claimed budget increases Venezuela's government since the end of the first decade of the century. The government, meanwhile, has demanded increases in these institutions the number of admitted students.
In early 2013 the professors of various universities, grouped in the Federation of University Teachers' Associations of Venezuela ( FAPUV ) began the Venezuelan government pressure for increased wages and benefits, as well as increases the budget of public institutions in which they work. In June, after a hunger strike by students of various houses Studio. The FAPUV calls for a national strike of university professors, which intensified the conflict, launching a series of student protests, supported by some teachers and university employees . The protests marches consisted headquarters of various public agencies, obstruction of major roads in major cities, concentrations in places, among others.
The government offered a package of wages and benefits under the title One University Sector Collective Bargaining Agreement, which offered, among other things, a stepwise increase of wages. The same was rejected by the FAPUV, because the contract was discussed without his presence, as it included items specifically socialist ideological tone, which in his opinion violated the constitution and freedom of thought that must exist in the university sector.
The government called FAPUV and student federations at various negotiations, but did not get great results, managed to reduce conflict. In September, the teacher decides to raise FAPUV unemployment, with the caveat resume later if they felt that the negotiations did not have the desired progress.
After a day of protests in Venezuela in 2014, which began on January 5 in the City of Mérida and February 4 in the city of San Cristobal after the death of Hector Moreno of ULA-Mérida and the attempted rape of a student-ULA Táchira, plus the street call made by national political leaders Antonio Ledezma, Maria Corina Machado and Leopoldo Lopez called La Salida or 12F, several student leaders decided to organize a political bloc with leaders of civil society which they called "Patriotic Meeting Student and Popular", which later christened under the eponym of "José Félix Ribas". Some student leaders decided not to annex this group maintaining its call under, including Juan Requesens of the National Student Movement FCU President of the Central University of Venezuela and Yorman Barillas, President of the University of Zulia .