Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Monoscutidae

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Kingdom  Animalia
Suborder  Eupnoi
Phylum  Arthropoda
Order  Harvestmen
Class  Arachnida
Superfamily  Phalangioidea
Rank  Family
Monoscutidae
Similar  Neopilionidae, Harvestmen, Phalangioidea, Caddidae, Eupnoi

The Monoscutidae are a family of harvestmen with 32 known species that all occur in or near Australia and New Zealand.

Species range in body length from two to three millimeters (Monoscutinae) and three to ten mm (Megalopsalidinae). The chelicerae are enormously enlarged in males of the subfamily Megalopsalidinae. Most species are coloured in shades of browns to black. Megalopsalis inconstans is jet black with bright orange patches on the carapace; Acihasta salebrosa is tan and brown with many white and gold specks over the dorsum.

The Monoscutidae are closely related to the Neopilionidae, which also occur in the Southern hemisphere.

Species

  • Megalopsalidinae Forster, 1949
  • Megalopsalis Roewer, 1923
  • Megalopsalis serritarsus (Sørensen, 1886) (New South Wales; type species)
  • Megalopsalis chiltoni (Hogg, 1910) (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis chiltoni (Hogg, 1910)
  • Megalopsalis nigra Forster, 1944 (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis distincta (Forster, 1964) (New Zealand - Auckland Island)
  • Megalopsalis fabulosa (Phillips & Grimmett, 1932) (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis grayi (Hogg, 1920) (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis grimmetti Forster, 1944 (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis hoggi (Pocock, 1902) (Victoria)
  • Megalopsalis inconstans Forster, 1944 (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis marplesi Forster, 1944 (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis triascuta Forster, 1944 (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis tumida Forster, 1944 (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis turneri Marples, 1944 (New Zealand)
  • Megalopsalis wattsi (Hogg, 1920) (New Zealand)
  • Pantopsalis Simon, 1879
  • Pantopsalis listeri (White, 1849) (New Zealand; type species)
  • Pantopsalis albipalpis Pocock, 1903 (New Zealand)
  • Pantopsalis cheliferoides (Colenso, 1882) (New Zealand)
  • Pantopsalis coronata Pocock, 1903 (New Zealand)
  • Pantopsalis johnsi Forster, 1964 (New Zealand - Auckland Island)
  • Pantopsalis luna (Forster, 1944) (New Zealand)
  • Pantopsalis phocator Taylor, 2004 (New Zealand)
  • Pantopsalis pococki Hogg, 1920 (New Zealand)
  • Pantopsalis rennelli Forster, 1964 (New Zealand - Campbell Island)
  • Pantopsalis snaresensis Forster, 1964 (New Zealand - Snares Island
  • Spinicrus Forster, 1949
  • Spinicrus tasmanicum (Hogg, 1910) (Tasmania; type species)
  • Spinicrus camelus Forster, 1949 (New South Wales)
  • Spinicrus continentalis (Roewer, 1923) (Queensland)
  • Spinicrus minimum Kauri, 1954 (Western Australia)
  • Spinicrus nigricans Hickman, 1957 (Tasmania)
  • Spinicrus porongorupense Kauri, 1954 (Western Australia)
  • Spinicrus stewarti Forster, 1949 (Victoria)
  • Spinicrus thrypticum Hickman, 1957 (Tasmania)
  • Monoscutinae Forster, 1948
  • Acihasta Forster, 1948
  • Acihasta salebrosa Forster, 1948 (New Zealand - Three Kings Islands)
  • Monoscutum Forster, 1948
  • Monoscutum titirangiensis Forster, 1948 (New Zealand)
  • Templar Taylor, 2008
  • Templar incongruens Taylor, 2008 (New Zealand)
  • References

    Monoscutidae Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Caddidae
    Eupnoi
    Neopilionidae
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L