Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Melanthiaceae

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Kingdom  Plantae
Higher classification  Liliales
Order  Liliales
Scientific name  Melanthiaceae
Rank  Family
Melanthiaceae wwwplantsystematicsorgusersjdelaet680812o
Lower classifications  Tri flower, Paris, Zigadenus, Chamaelirium, Toxicoscordion venenosum

Melanthiaceae is a family of flowering perennial herbs native to the Northern Hemisphere. Along with many other lilioid monocots, early authors considered members of this family to belong to the family Liliaceae, in part because both their sepals and petals closely resemble each other and are often large and showy like those of lilies, while some more recent taxonomists have placed them in a family Trilliaceae. The most authoritative modern treatment, however, the APG III system of 2009 (unchanged from the 2003 APG II system and the 1998 APG system), places the family in the order Liliales, in the clade monocots. Circumscribed in this way, the family includes up to 17 genera.

Melanthiaceae Flowering Plant Families UH Botany

Familiar members of the family include Herb Paris (Paris quadrifolia) and the trilliums.

Genera and species

Melanthiaceae Melanthiaceae Colorado Native Plant Master

As of August 2013, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepted 17 genera in the family. They have been divided into five tribes. It has a total of ca 173 known species. Generic assignments within the tribe Melanthieae in particular have been changed radically as a result of molecular phylogenetic studies in the 21st century.

Heloniadeae
  • Helonias L.
  • Heloniopsis A.Gray
  • Ypsilandra Franch.
  • Chionographideae
  • Chionographis Maxim.
  • Chamaelirium Willd.
  • Melanthieae
  • Amianthium A.Gray
  • Anticlea Kunth
  • Melanthium J.Clayton ex L.
  • Schoenocaulon A.Gray
  • Stenanthium (A.Gray) Kunth
  • Toxicoscordion Rydb.
  • Veratrum L.
  • Zigadenus Michx.
  • Xerophylleae
  • Xerophyllum Michx.
  • Parideae
  • Paris L. (including Daiswa and Kinugasa)
  • Pseudotrillium S.B.Farmer
  • Trillium L. (including Trillidium)

  • Melanthiaceae Flowering Plant Families UH Botany
    Melanthiaceae Melanthium virginicum Melanthiaceae image 32012 at DiversityOfLifeorg
    Melanthiaceae Melanthiaceae Wikipedia
    Melanthiaceae Tricyrtis hirta Melanthiaceae image 7059 at DiversityOfLifeorg

    References

    Melanthiaceae Wikipedia


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