Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

Melampyrum pratense

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Orobanchaceae
Scientific name  Melampyrum pratense
Order  Lamiales
Genus  Melampyrum
Rank  Species
Melampyrum pratense Melampyrum pratense Orobanchaceae image 20788 at PhytoImagessiuedu
Similar  Melampyrum, Melampyrum sylvaticum, Maianthemum bifolium, Melampyrum nemorosum, Rhinanthus

Melampyrum pratense, common cow-wheat, is a plant species in the family Orobanchaceae.

The seed of the plant has an elaiosome, which is attractive to wood ants (Formica spp.). The ants disperse the seeds of the plant when they take them back to their nests to feed their young. The plant is an ancient woodland indicator, as the ants rarely carry the seeds more than a few yards, seldom crossing a field to go to a new woodland.

M. pratense is a food plant of the caterpillars of the heath fritillary (Melitaea athalia), a butterfly.

M. pratense herb has been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally as tea or externally as pillow filling for treatment of rheumatism and blood vessels calcification.

Melampyrum pratense File249 Melampyrum pratense Ljpg Wikimedia Commons
Melampyrum pratense CalPhotos Melampyrum pratense ssp vulgatum Common Cowwheat
Melampyrum pratense httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Melampyrum pratense Melampyrum pratense Wikimedia Commons
Melampyrum pratense Melampyrum pratense L Common Cowwheat Flora of Northern Ireland
Melampyrum pratense Melampyrum pratense L Checklist View

References

Melampyrum pratense Wikipedia


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Maianthemum bifolium
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