Maxim Rodshtein (Russian: Maksim Eduardovich Rodshtein; Hebrew: מקסים רודשטיין; born 19 January 1989 in Leningrad) is an Israeli chess Grandmaster (since 2007). He won the World Under-16 championship in Heraklio, Greece in 2004.
Rodshtein won the 2006 Israeli Chess Championship. He won the 25th Andorra International Open (30 June – 8 July 2007) in a three-way tie for first in a field of 101 players. Rodshtein was twice silver medalist in the European Youth Championship.
Rodshtein was a member (Board 5) of the Israeli Chess Olympic team in November 2008 scoring 7 out of 9 and contributing to the silver medal. In particular he was responsible for Israel’s win against the Olympic champion, Armenia. A few months later he was offered by Armenia’s No. 1 Levon Aronian to work with him as a second. Rodshtein shared 1st in the 2008 Israeli championship, but didn’t retain the title due to inferior tie-break. In 2011 he tied for 4th–10th with Rustam Kasimdzhanov, Gata Kamsky, Rauf Mamedov, Ivan Cheparinov, Denis Khismatullin and Yu Yangyi in the Aeroflot Open in Moscow. In the same tournament in 2012, he tied for 4th–8th with Alexander Khalifman, Hrant Melkumyan, Fabiano Caruana and Dmitry Andreikin. Rodshtein tied for first, finishing third on tiebreak, at the 2013 Cappelle-la-Grande Open.
He served in the Israeli Air Force.
Rodshtein is married to Czech WGM Tereza Olsarova.