Matteo Botteri (September 7, 1808 – July 3, 1877) was an ornithologist and collector.
Botteri was born in Hvar, in modern day Croatia from an Italian family. In 1854 he travelled to Mexico to collect plants on behalf of the Royal Horticultural Society. He settled in Orizaba, becoming professor of languages and natural history at Orizaba College.
He is commemorated in the name of the Botteri's sparrow, which he collected in Mexico in 1857.