Matsukura Shigemasa's son
1598 (age 40)
August 28, 1638 (aged 40)
Matsukura Katsuie (松倉 勝家, 1598 – August 28, 1638) was a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period. As the son of Matsukura Shigemasa, Katsuie was notorious for suppressing Catholics in his domain, setting high taxation and assigning intensive labour to its peasants, later causing the Shimabara Rebellion. He was also renowned for dressing disobedient peasants in straw overcoats and then setting them on fire.
Although the rebellion was successfully put down, his status and domain were stripped away for misruling in May 1638. After the dead body of a peasant was found inside his residence, Katsuie was sent to Edo for further investigation by the government. He was beheaded in August 28, 1638, for his misruling and brutality. He was the only daimyo to be beheaded during the Edo period, rather than honourable suicide of seppuku, which suggests the severity of his misbehaviour.